Part I: Title VII-First Line of Defense for Religious Objectors to Forced Union Membership, Dues, or Agency Fees

Title VII is a component of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, a statute created to prohibit discrimination in public accommodations and facilities as well as participation in federal programs, education, and employment.10 Although Title VII is most widely known for its proscription of racial discrimination, the statute also sought to eliminate discrimination on the part of employers, labor organizations, and employment agencies against applicants or employees based upon several classifications, including race, national origin, sex and religion.