Another criticism of low-density residential development concerns its impact on the
environment. Increased development, according to critics, means more pollution, more
congestion, and the degradation of natural resources. The alternative — higher density
compact development — would mitigate these impacts, they claim.
The environmental benefits of compact development, however, are suspect, as discussed
in Part V. But on the surface, critics of economic growth and development seem to make a
valid point: If people live further away from central cities and their workplaces, they
will have to spend more time in their cars. Since cars pollute, low-density development
should increase air pollution.