The author would like to acknowledge the following people for their assistance with this project:

  • Glenda Rader, assistant director, Michigan Department of Education
  • Michael Williamson, former deputy superintendent for the Michigan Department of Education
  • Frank Johnson, statistician, National Center for Education Statistics
  • Adam Schaeffer, Policy Analyst, Cato Institute
  • James Guthrie, Senior Fellow and Director of Education Policy Studies, George W. Bush Institute
  • Hannah Mead, assistant editor, Mackinac Center
  • Jonathan VanDerhoof, Mackinac Center
  • Elizabeth Tara Ryan, Mackinac Center
  • Jarrett Dieterle, Mackinac Center

Although these individuals helped tremendously with this study, any errors in the report are the responsibility of the author alone.