Michigan Department of Career Development, "Annual
Cynthia M. Fagnoni, "Workforce Investment Act:
Implementation Status and Integration of TANF Services," testimony to the
Subcommittee on Postsecondary Education, Training and Life-Long Learning of the
U. S. House of Representatives Committee on Education and Workforce, and the
Subcommittee on Human Resources of the House Committee on Ways and Means,
GAO/T-HEHS-00-145, June. 29, 2000, p. 1; Daniel O’Shea and Christopher T. King,
"The Workforce Investment Act: Restructuring Workforce Development Initiatives
in States and Localities," Report # 12, Albany: Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute
of Government, State University of New York, April 2001.
New York v. United States, 505 U.S. 144 at 174 and 178.
Michigan Department of Career Development, "State of
Michigan Strategic Five-Year Workforce Investment Act Plan," https://www.michigan.gov/mdcd/0,1607,7-122--8809--,00.html
Oct. 31, 2002.
Established in 1993 by Executive Order 1993-3 See https://www.michigan.gov/eMI/Portal/CDC/Components/eMI_CDA.
Created by Executive Order 2002-05 by Gov. John Engler
on Mar. 27, 2002.
Michigan Department of Career Development web page,
"Michigan’s Workforce Investment Board," accessible on the Internet at
Kimble F. Ainslie, "Staffing Service Industry Under
Fire," Current Commentary, Mackinac Center for Public Policy, Sept. 18, 2002;
Michigan Community Service Commission web site, "MCSC
Mission and Vision," accessible on the Internet at
Michigan Career Technical Institute web site, "Welcome
to the Michigan Career and Technical Institute," accessible on the Internet at
Bob Schneider and Barbara Graves, "Line Item and
Boilerplate Summary," Career Development and Michigan Strategic Fund, fiscal
year 2001-2002, Jan. 2002, p. 8.