The author would like to thank the following people for their assistance:

  • James Sherk, senior policy analyst in labor economics, The Heritage Foundation

  • Russ Brown, president, Center for Independent Employees

  • Derk Wilcox, senior attorney, Mackinac Center Legal Foundation

  • Michael Van Beek, director of research, Mackinac Center

  • Nathan Lehman, labor policy intern, Mackinac Center

Although these individuals helped significantly with this study, any errors in this report are the responsibility of the author alone.