1. “Subsidy Tracker: Discover Where Corporations Are Getting Taxpayer Assistance Across the United States” (Good Jobs First, 2017), https://perma.cc/VXG4-SMSW.

  2. Timothy J. Bartik, “A New Panel Database on Business Incentives for Economic Development Offered by State and Local Governments in the United States” (W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2017), 2, https://perma.cc/PD47-XSUP.

  3. Ibid., 70.

  4. Michael D. LaFaive and Michael Hicks, “MEGA: A Retrospective Assessment” (Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2005), 111, https://perma.cc/8DTZ-N4X9.

  5. Ibid., 111–112.

  6. James Hohman, “An Evaluation of Michigan’s 21st Century Jobs Fund” (Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2016), https://perma.cc/L798-7NJR.

  7. “Performance Audit Report: Michigan Economic Growth Authority Tax Credit Program” (Michigan Office of the Auditor General, Sept. 2017), 53, https://perma.cc/SNF6-P6XQ.

  8. Martin M. Wing, Robert Fish and Joseph P. Overton, “MEGA Industrial Policy: An Analysis of the Proposed Michigan Economic Growth Authority” (Mackinac Center for Public Policy, July 26, 1996), 5, https://perma.cc/ZJ7P-UE3L.

  9. Michael D. LaFaive and Michael Hicks, “MEGA: A Retrospective Assessment” (Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2005), 41, https://perma.cc/8DTZ-N4X9.

  10. James M. Hohman, “Little Disclosure on Business Subsidies” (Mackinac Center for Public Policy, Jan. 14, 2014), https://perma.cc/4SBZ-LJ3V.

  11. “Public Act 250 of 2011” (State of Michigan, Dec. 13, 2011), https://perma.cc/S578-HCKH.

  12. “MSF/MEDC Annual Report to the Legislature, FY 2016” (Michigan Economic Development Corporation, March 15, 2017), 3, https://perma.cc/RR37-R6D9.

  13. MCL § 125.2088r(2)(c).

  14. MCL § 125.2088r(3)(c).

  15. MCL § 125.2088r(4).

  16. MCL § 125.2009(5)(e).

  17. “MSF/MEDC Annual Report to the Legislature, FY 2016” (Michigan Economic Development Corporation, March 15, 2017), 13, https://perma.cc/RR37-R6D9.

  18. Ibid., 23.

  19. Ibid., 19-20.

  20. Ibid., 17-23.

  21. Marcia Gebarowski, “Michigan Strategic Fund May 2016 Meeting Packet” (Michigan Economic Development Corporation, May 24, 2016), https://perma.cc/Z8KD-L875.

  22. “MSF/MEDC Annual Report to the Legislature, FY 2016” (Michigan Economic Development Corporation, March 15, 2017), 13–15, https://perma.cc/RR37-R6D9.

  23. Emily Guerrant, senior vice president of marketing and communications, Michigan Economic Development Corporation, email correspondence with Michael D. LaFaive, senior director of fiscal policy, Mackinac Center for Public Policy, Oct. 18, 2017.

  24. Kathy Fagan, “Four West Michigan Businesses Receive State Support to Expand, Add Jobs” (Michigan Economic Development Corporation, May 23, 2012), https://perma.cc/6QWG-25T6.

  25. “MSF/MEDC Annual Report to the Legislature, FY 2016” (Michigan Economic Development Corporation, March 15, 2017), 23, https://perma.cc/RR37-R6D9.

  26. Ibid., 13.

  27. Emily Guerrant, senior vice president of marketing and communications, Michigan Economic Development Corporation, email correspondence with Michael D. LaFaive, senior director of fiscal policy, Mackinac Center for Public Policy, Sept. 20, 2017.

  28. “Michigan Business Development Program: Performance-Based Grant - Term Sheet for Adient US, LLC” (Michigan Economic Development Corporation, Nov. 10, 2016), https://perma.cc/78VT-5MNE.

  29. Emily Guerrant, senior vice president of marketing and communications, Michigan Economic Development Corporation, email correspondence with Michael D. LaFaive, senior director of fiscal policy, Mackinac Center for Public Policy, Nov. 8, 2017.

  30. “Michigan Business Development Program” (Michigan Economic Development Corporation, Dec. 2016), https://perma.cc/7AJ3-FSZV.

  31. Timothy J. Bartik, “A New Panel Database on Business Incentives for Economic Development Offered by State and Local Governments in the United States” (W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2017), https://perma.cc/PD47-XSUP.

  32. Timothy J. Bartik, “Better Incentives Data Can Inform Both Research and Policy” (W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, April 2017), 2, https://perma.cc/9AGW-N6AL.

  33. Michael D. LaFaive and Michael Hicks, “MEGA: A Retrospective Assessment” (Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2005), 5, https://perma.cc/8DTZ-N4X9.

  34. Michael D. LaFaive and Michael Hicks, “MEGA: A Retrospective Assessment” (Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2005), https://perma.cc/8DTZ-N4X9; Michael D. LaFaive and James M. Hohman, “Michigan Economic Development Corporation: A Review and Analysis” (Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2009), https://perma.cc/T8T5-AKB8.

  35. Patrick L. Anderson, Theodore R. Bolema and Alex L. Rosean, “The Effectiveness of State Economic Development Programs” (Anderson Economic Group, March 4, 2010), https://perma.cc/C23F-Z6D4.

  36. Laura A. Reese, “If All You Have Is A Hammer: Finding Economic Development Policies That Matter,” The American Review of Public Administration 44, no. 6 (2014): 627–655, https://perma.cc/GT3C-39LN.

  37. Timothy. J. Bartik and George Erickcek, “Simulating the Effects of Michigan’s MEGA Tax Credit Program on Job Creation and Fiscal Benefits,” Economic Development Quarterly 28, no. 4 (2014): 314–327, https://perma.cc/WV24-MFMT.

  38. Alan Peters and Peter Fisher, “The Failures of Economic Development Incentives,” Journal of the American Planning Association 70, no. 1 (2004): 27, https://perma.cc/9595-H8PL.

  39. Ibid., 35.

  40. Timothy J. Bartik, “A New Panel Database on Business Incentives for Economic Development Offered by State and Local Governments in the United States” (W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2017), 9, https://perma.cc/PD47-XSUP.

  41. Ibid., 4.

  42. Ibid., 4-5.

  43. Jacob Bundrick and Thomas Snyder, “Do Business Subsidies Lead to Increased Economic Activity? Evidence from Arkansas’s Quick Action Closing Fund” (Mercatus Center, 2017), https://perma.cc/FT8T-3RY3.

  44. “Michigan Business Development Program” (Michigan Economic Development Corporation, Dec. 2016), https://perma.cc/7AJ3-FSZV.

  45. Nathan Jensen, “The Effect of Economic Development Incentives and Clawback Provisions on Job Creation: A Pre-Registered Evaluation of Maryland and Virginia Programs,” Research and Politics April-June (2017): 1–21, https://perma.cc/BL63-39GA.

  46. Ibid., 2.

  47. Ibid., 5.

  48. Adam A. Millsap, “Does Pennsylvania’s Redevelopment Assistance Program Develop Its Economy” (Arlington, Virginia: Mercatus Center, 2015), https://perma.cc/3QFT-QC6F.

  49. Ibid., 5.

  50. Ibid., 4.

  51. Carlianne Patrick, “Does Increasing Available Non-Tax Economic Development Incentives Result in More Jobs?,” National Tax Journal 67, no. 2 (2014): 352, https://perma.cc/WV7L-Q8PM.

  52. Ibid., 380.

  53. “Rick for Michigan: Reform the Michigan Economic Development Corporation” (Rick Snyder for Michigan Committee), https://perma.cc/UG7C-N3RA.