The National Labor Relations
Board’s operations are designed to look to outsiders as if they were judicial
in nature. There’s a prosecutor of sorts, the general counsel, and the board’s
decisions read like judicial opinions. But in reality, the NLRB operates in a
twilight zone — its members are generally representatives of the two main
political parties with the majority chosen from the president’s party, and the
majority bloc can be relied on to reward its friends and punish its
adversaries. There being a Democratic administration in Washington now, expect
the unions to get all the close calls. And even the ones that shouldn’t be
This could easily backfire, with new companies afraid to locate in heavily unionized states like Michigan knowing that the law will make it harder for them to expand elsewhere.
At the end of March, the general
counsel brought up a complaint against aircraft manufacturer Boeing for its
decision to open up a new assembly line for its 787 “Dreamliner” in North Charleston,
S.C. The original line at Boeing’s Puget Sound plant in the state of Washington
remains open, but that line has been shut down by two lengthy strikes called by
the International Association of Machinists over the last six years. Boeing is
hedging its bets by setting up a second line for the popular aircraft at a
non-union shop in a state with right-to-work protections for employees. The
complaint alleges that Boeing’s actions constituted illegal discrimination
against union workers.
On the surface the prosecution has
a case. It’s fairly clear that labor relations were a factor in Boeing’s
decision to set up shop in South Carolina. The NLRB is supposed to prevent
employers from discriminating against employees who engage in “protected
activities,” such as joining unions and going on strike.
But to say that Boeing cannot take
notice of troubled labor relations at Puget Sound as it makes plans to build
more airplanes is to say that Boeing must make itself more vulnerable to a
strike, and arguably punishes the South Carolina workers for their apparent
preference to remain non-union. Boeing’s South Carolina workers have the right
to refrain from unionizing, too, and the NLRB is supposed to protect their
rights as well.
It doesn’t help matters that
everyone is dealing with a statute, the National Labor Relations Act, that is
vague about what companies and unions are actually allowed to do. Unionized
workers in Puget Sound still have steady jobs, but there will be less work for
them, fewer jobs and less overtime, than there might have been. Is this
discrimination? As Robert Verbruggen points out in a recent article at National
Review, the general counsel’s complaint against Boeing “comes out of left
field,” but it’s still in line with “the murky words of the law itself,”
leaving Boeing subject to the caprices of a politicized labor board.
The IAM’s wisdom has been dubious,
especially from the workers’ perspective. The 2005 strike lasted 28 days. The
2008 strike lasted eight weeks, and according to The New York Times workers
missed out on $7,000 in base pay. The Seattle Times accounts of the strike are
vague as to whether or not workers benefitted much from the walkout. For its
part Boeing likely lost $2 billion on account of the strike.
If the National Labor Relations
Board opts to punish Boeing for setting up shop in South Carolina, the likely
result will be that employers are hamstrung by radicalized union officials,
while union officials will be in a position to call strikes with near impunity,
giving little regard to benefits for workers or damage to employers.
There are those who argue that the
ultimate purpose of this whole NLRB effort is to put the right-to-work movement
and less unionized states at a disadvantage by preventing companies from
creating new jobs in those states. But this could easily backfire, with new
companies afraid to locate in heavily unionized states like Michigan knowing
that the law will make it harder for them to expand elsewhere.
The most likely result is everyone
loses. If there’s one thing a struggling American economy does not need, it’s
the further empowerment of radical union officials and the disruption of more
strikes. Congress should be looking for ways to rein in the National Labor
Relations Board and ensure that employers are free to protect themselves from
strikes called by radical union officials.
Kersey is director of labor policy at the Mackinac Center for Public Policy, a
research and educational institute headquartered in Midland, Mich. Permission to reprint in whole or
in part is hereby granted, provided that the author and the Center are properly