1 MCL § 388.1618.

2 For examples, see: Diane Ravitch, Reign of Error: The Hoax of the Privatization Movement (New York: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, 2013); Christopher A. Lubeinski and Sarah Theule Lubeinski, The Public School Advantage: Why Public Schools Outperform Private Schools (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013).

3 “Public Schools Are Improving Their Grades, but Private Schools Remain at the Head of the Class” (The Harris Poll, Sept. 29, 2015), https://perma.cc/9CSP-GVJN.

4 “Private School Enrollment” (National Center for Education Statistics, 2014), https://perma.cc/D5PF-XKZN.

5 Federal Register, Vol. 80, No. 61, p. 17026-17027, March 31, 2015, https://perma.cc/9E3E-VVKK.

6 “Nonpublic Student Counts” (Center for Educational Performance and Information, 2016), https://perma.cc/2A4M-8XK8.

7 Ibid.

8 Author’s calculations based on “Nonpublic Student Counts” (Center for Educational Performance and Information, 2016), https://perma.cc/2A4M-8XK8.

9 Author’s calculations based on “Child Population by Age: Michigan” (Kids Count Data Center, July 2015), https://perma.cc/R2TE-ZFLJ; “Nonpublic Student Counts” (Center for Educational Performance and Information, 2016), https://perma.cc/2A4M-8XK8.

10 Thomas D. Snyder, Cristobal de Brey and Sally A. Dillow, “Digest of Education Statistics 2014” (National Center for Education Statistics, April 2016), 119, Table 205.20, https://perma.cc/9KT8-FCFX.

11 For more information about these programs in other states, see: “School Choice in America” (Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice, 2016), https://perma.cc/5S78-QUGB.

12 Mich. Const. Art. 8, Sec. 1-2.

13 For more information, see: “Pupil Accounting Manual: 5-E: Nonpublic and Home-Schooled Pupils” (Michigan Department of Education, 2016), https://perma.cc/2VMF-Y4UD.

14 “Postsecondary Enrollment Options Act” (State of Michigan, July 1, 2012), https://perma.cc/S5SW-ACCV.

15 “Nonpublic and Home School Information” (Michigan Department of Education, Sept. 2015), 12, https://perma.cc/5FST-HMPD.

16 Ibid.

17 “MNSAA Accreditation” (Michigan Association of Nonpublic Schools, 2016), https://perma.cc/S4DY-GGDK.

18 “NLSA Evidence-Based Accreditation” (The Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod), https://perma.cc/KX8X-MUL6.

19 “About National Lutheran School Accreditation” (The Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod), https://perma.cc/N7UR-9NKK.

20 For more information about these accreditations standards, see: “AdvancED Standards for Quality Schools” (AdvancED, 2016), https://perma.cc/MA29-DVXN; “Accreditation for Early Education to Grade 12 Schools” (Association of Christian Schools International), https://perma.cc/H3A5-2JYW.