For conventional schools, residency is generally the determining factor for which public school a child will attend. However, through Schools of Choice, some districts report that a majority of their residents have left for other districts, while others report that a majority of their enrolled students are nonresident students.

After accounting for both Schools of Choice enrollment gains and losses, 256 school districts saw a net enrollment gain of students under Schools of Choice. For the 2011-12 school year, the following 33 districts (with enrollments exceeding 100 students) had more than 20 percent of their final net enrollment come from students entering through Schools of Choice.[*] None of the districts on this list are city districts: Fourteen are suburban, 16 are rural and three are districts located in towns.

Graphic 13: Net Gains Per Schools of Choice
Greater Than 20 Percent of Enrollment, 2011-12

Rank

District Name

Enroll-ment

Entering via SOC

Exiting via SOC

Net SOC

% Net SOC

1

West Bloomfield

6,523

1,728

68

1,660

25.45%

2

Clintondale

3,715

2,547

988

1,559

41.97%

3

Lakeview (Macomb)

3,795

1,587

157

1,430

37.68%

4

Fraser

5,277

1,399

231

1,168

22.13%

5

Riverview

2,832

1,154

79

1,075

37.96%

6

Dearborn Heights #7

2,909

1,186

236

950

32.66%

7

Western

2,927

819

81

738

25.21%

8

Carrollton

2,050

835

114

721

35.17%

9

Corunna

2,243

829

176

653

29.11%

10

Pennfield

2,100

729

81

648

30.86%

11

Bangor Township

2,533

746

112

634

25.03%

12

Inkster

2,660

1,109

530

579

21.77%

13

Swan Valley

1,815

550

63

487

26.83%

14

Madison (Lenawee)

1,521

699

222

477

31.36%

15

Berrien Springs

2,140

543

70

473

22.10%

16

Clawson

1,794

560

92

468

26.09%

17

Jonesville

1,469

578

129

449

30.57%

18

Vandercook Lake

1,275

498

83

415

32.55%

19

Essexville-Hampton

1,771

505

96

409

23.09%

20

Houghton-Portage Township

1,333

430

68

362

27.16%

21

Sand Creek

952

348

54

294

30.88%

22

Watervliet

1,338

384

99

285

21.30%

23

Bridgman

988

297

40

257

26.01%

24

Genesee

825

263

50

213

25.82%

25

Reese

911

240

27

213

23.38%

26

Beal City

671

262

65

197

29.36%

27

New Lothrop

881

216

20

196

22.25%

28

Eau Claire

801

345

150

195

24.34%

29

Bark River-Harris

691

193

18

175

25.33%

30

Saugatuck

838

179

8

171

20.41%

31

Pittsford

671

239

90

149

22.21%

32

Mar Lee

326

172

51

121

37.12%

33

Leland

455

132

36

96

21.10%

Source: Center for Educational Performance and Information.

There are 47 school districts of 100 students or more where the number of students leaving through Schools of Choice amounts to more than 20 percent of the district’s total resident students. The Galien Township School District (which closed after the 2012-13 school year) saw the largest proportional losses, with more students leaving than those who stayed.

Unlike the previous list, there are a four city districts that saw a net loss of 20 percent or more: Pontiac, Battle Creek, Van Dyke and Jackson.[†] Eleven of the districts listed below are suburban, 29 are rural and three are located in towns.

Graphic 14: Net Losses Per Schools of Choice Greater than 20 Percent of Enrollment, 2011-2012

Rank

District Name

Enroll-ment

Exiting via SOC

Net SOC

% Net SOC

1

East Detroit

3,677

2,202

-2,179

37.46%

2

Pontiac

5,430

2,100

-2,097

27.89%

3

Battle Creek

5,393

1,646

-1,524

23.38%

4

Jackson

6,055

1,816

-1,487

23.07%

5

Benton Harbor

3,089

1,348

-1,325

30.38%

6

Lincoln Park

4,773

1,436

-1,072

23.13%

7

Roseville

5,233

1,543

-979

22.77%

8

Adrian

3,187

1,203

-937

27.40%

9

Mount Clemens

1,534

1,020

-773

39.94%

10

Van Dyke

3,088

823

-724

21.04%

11

Albion

820

651

-649

44.26%

12

Willow Run

1,672

903

-621

35.07%

13

New Haven

1,328

634

-620

32.31%

14

Hillsdale

1,535

491

-327

24.23%

15

Mayville

779

333

-297

29.95%

16

Ecorse

1,016

534

-295

34.45%

17

Baldwin

599

277

-276

31.62%

18

Buena Vista

644

357

-270

35.66%

19

River Valley

688

294

-221

29.94%

20

Bellevue

616

267

-206

30.24%

21

Akron-Fairgrove

275

199

-181

41.98%

22

Galien

126

211

-171

62.61%

23

Madison (Oakland)

1332

708

-164

34.71%

24

Addison

897

264

-158

22.74%

25

Covert

531

153

-133

22.37%

26

Martin

586

215

-129

26.84%

27

Morrice

552

224

-128

28.87%

28

Merrill

722

203

-122

21.95%

29

Litchfield

329

141

-116

30.00%

30

Vanderbilt

154

119

-107

43.59%

31

Mason County Eastern

483

201

-107

29.39%

32

Athens

612

156

-99

20.31%

33

Stanton Township

140

86

-85

38.05%

34

North Adams-Jerome

434

186

-80

30.00%

35

East Jackson

1244

315

-80

20.21%

36

Tekonsha

286

101

-68

26.10%

37

Owendale-Gagetown

199

102

-62

33.89%

38

Chassell Township

262

105

-55

28.61%

39

Arenac Eastern

265

73

-51

21.60%

40

Waldron

293

94

-39

24.29%

41

Suttons Bay

649

178

-34

21.52%

42

Republic-Michigamme

141

39

-29

21.67%

43

Kaleva Norman Dickson

626

163

-17

20.66%

44

Northport

152

42

-16

21.65%

45

Onekama

419

112

8

21.09%

46

River Rouge

1147

404

64

26.05%

47

Clintondale

3715

988

1559

21.01%

Source: Center for Educational Performance and Information.


[*]  This analysis is limited to districts with at least 100 students, because many small districts were disproportionately highly ranked in terms of the percentage of students enrolled through Schools of Choice.

[†]  Pontiac and Battle Creek appear to be struggling academically and financially. See: Jennifer Chambers, “Pontiac School Board OKs Consultant for Consent Agreement,” The Detroit News, Oct. 15, 2013, accessed Oct. 24, 2013, http://goo.gl/xH7lfN; Karen Lynn Todd, “BCPS Superintendent: Teachers, Outdoor Ed Center on Block,” Battle Creek Enquirer, May 20, 2013, accessed Oct. 24, 2013, http://goo.gl/MEMCV4; Lindsay Knake, “Saginaw County School Districts See Spikes, Sharp Declines in Enrollment,” MLive, Oct. 3, 2013, accessed Oct. 24, 2013, http://goo.gl/SLoDTP.