Schools of Choice originates from Public Act 300 of 1996, which allowed districts to receive state aid on behalf of nonresident students within the boundaries of their resident intermediate school district. Students did not need the approval of their own resident district to enroll in a different district. This act created section 105 of Michigan’s State School Aid Act of 1979, and this policy will be referenced as “105 Choice” in this paper.
Schools of Choice was expanded in 1999 via Public Act 119. The expansion allowed school districts to receive state aid for nonresident students who lived in a different ISD, but only if those students came from a contiguous ISD. This change created section 105c of the State School Aid Act of 1979, and this policy is referred to as “105c Choice” in this paper.