100 "School Purchasing Pages Custodial RFP."

101 "School Purchasing Pages Transportation RFP," (School Purchasing Pages, 2007), 2, www.schoolpurchasingpages.org/staticcontent/doclibrary/ StudentTransportationServices.pdf (accessed June 6, 2007).

102 "School Purchasing Pages Custodial RFP," 11.

103 Ibid., 12.

104 Ibid.

105 Ibid., 15.

106 Ibid.

107 Ibid., 18.

108 "RFP/Ifb Prototype Contracts," (Lansing: State of Michigan, Department of Education, 2006).

109 Ibid.

110 Cheryl Schubel, e-mail correspondence with James Hohman, November 8, 2006.

111 Ibid.

112 Ibid.

113 Ibid.

114 "School Meals Policy Memos," United States Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Services, www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/Governance/policy.htm (accessed June 8, 2007).

115 Matthew Brouillette and Elizabeth Moser, "School Board President Recounts Struggle to Increase Classroom Spending," ( Michigan Education Report, 2001), www.mackinac.org/3413 (accessed May 12, 2007).

116 Ibid.

117 Ibid.

118 Ibid.

119 Ibid.

120 Beat Privatization: A Step by Step Crisis Action Plan, (National Education Association, n.d.).

121 Ibid., 3-9.

122 Ibid., 21.

123 Ibid., 22.

124 "Schools for Sale: The Privatization of Non-Instructional School Services " (American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, n.d.), www.afscme.org/docs/SchoolsSale.pdf (accessed June 6, 2007).

125 "Privatization Problems Make News," National Education Association, www.nea.org/privatization/privnews-privatization.html (accessed July 5, 2007).

126 "Standing Strong Against Privatization," MEA Voice 84, no. 3 (2007).

127 Michael LaFaive, "Setting the Privatization Record Straight," (Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 1999), www.mackinac.org/2141 (accessed June 4, 2007).

128 "MEA: Helping or Hurting Education?," www.mackinac.org/9401.

129 Ibid.

130 Ibid.

131 Ibid.

132 Ibid.

133 "School Purchasing Pages Transportation RFP," 15.

134 "MEA: Helping or Hurting Education?."

135 Ibid.

136 LaFaive and Stafford, "Survey 2006: School Outsourcing Continues to Grow."xe "LaFaive, Michael D."

137 William Keane and Samuel Flam, "Politics and Privatization," American School Board Journal 185, no. 4 (1998): 48.

138 Flam and Keane, Public Schools Private Enterprises: What You Should Know and Do About Privatization.

139 "School Purchasing Pages Custodial RFP," 8.

140 See www.mackinac.org/8640.

141 Mark A. Walsh, "Managing Your District's Bus Contractor," The School Administrator, June 2002, 33.

142 "School Purchasing Pages Custodial RFP."

143 M.C.S. Noble, Jr., Pupil Transportation in the United States (Scranton: International Textbook Company, 1940), 215.

144 Ibid.

145 Randy Van Gasse, telephone conversation with Michael LaFaive, May 18, 2007.

146 Stanley Garnett, "School Districts and Federal Procurement Regulations," (Food and Nutrition Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2006), 1, www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/Governance/Policy-Memos/2006/ 2006-03-16.pdf (accessed June 5, 2007).

147 John Rehfuss, "Designing an Effective Bidding and Monitoring System to Minimize Problems in Competitive Contracting," (Reason Foundation and Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 1994), www.mackinac.org/285 (accessed May 25, 2007).

148 Ibid.

149 Ibid.

150 Kenneth P. May, e-mail correspondence with Michael LaFaive, May 31, 2007.

151 Ibid.

152 Jim Palm, telephone conversation with Michael LaFaive, May 18, 2007.

153 "MEA Committed to Defeating Privatization," MEA Voice 84, no. 3 (2007): 2."

154 Michigan State xe "American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, AFL-CIO"AFL-CIO v. Employment Relations Comm’n, 453 Mich 362, 379-82 (1996).

155 Ibid., 380, n. 9.

156 xe "Dean Transportation"Dean Transp, Inc, Nos. GR 7-CA-49003 and GR 7-CB-15014, September 27, 2006 Decision, 4-5.

157 Ibid., 4.

158 Grand Rapids Educ Support Pers Ass’n v. xe Dean Transp, Inc, No. 05-04837-CZ Order of December 30, 2005, 2.

159 Ibid., 13.

160 Ibid., 2.

161 Ibid., 12.

162 Ibid.

163 Grand Rapids Educ Support Pers Ass’n v. Dean Transp, Inc, No. 05-04837 Order of July 26, 2006 at 5.

164 "Dean Transportation, MEA at Odds over Unions: Bus Company to Appeal Ruling," Michigan Education Report, February 23, 2007, 12, www.educationreport.org/pubs/mer/article.aspx?ID=8243 (accessed June 11, 2007).

165 Fall River Dyeing & Finishing Corp v. xe "National Labor Relations Board, NLRB"NLRB, 482 US 27, 41 (1987).

166 Ibid., 43.

167 Ibid.

168 Ibid., 40.

169 Abood v. Detroit Bd. of Educ., 431 US 209, 228 (1977).

170 Ibid.

171 Ibid., 229; MCL § 423.202.

172 29 U.S.C. § 163.

173 "Union Members in 2006," (U.S. Department of Labor: Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2007), 8, www.bls.gov/news.release/pdf/union2.pdf (accessed June 11, 2007).

174 Ruthanne Okun, director of the Michigan Employment Relations Commission, phone conversation with Patrick J. Wright, May 2007.

175 Ibid.

176 Albion Public Schools, C06 J-246, Order of May 3, 2007.

177 Hartland Consolidated Schools, Case No. C06 F-146, February 2, 2007 Settlement Agreement