1 Castile, Nancy, "Archer Puts Risk, Challenges in Budget," Detroit Free Press, April 14, 1994.

2 Alar, John, Privatization 1994, the Reason Foundation, P. 10.

3 Alar, John, p. 11.

4 Alar, John, p. 10.

5 See Wendell Cox and Samuel Brunelli, "The Untold Story: The Rapid Growth in City Revenues," from the American Legislative Exchange Council, 1992, P. 10.

6 See Tax Rates and Tax Burdens in the District of Columbia: A Nationwide Comparison, Government of the District of Columbia, Department of Finance and Revenue, 1993.

7 See City Government Finances, series GF, No. 4, 1993, U.S. Bureau of the Census.

8 Holly, Dan, "Bus, Casino Possibilities Split Council Hopefuls," Detroit Free Press, October 26, 1993.

9 "Mayoral Debate: City Services and Schools," Detroit Free Press, October 17, 1993.

10 Huskisson, Gregory, "More Governments are Hiring Someone Else to Serve Public," Detroit Free Press, June 2, 1991.

11 For further details, see Michael Mills, Charles Van Eaton, and Robert Daddow, "Revitalizing the American City: A Market Perspective for Detroit," Heartland Policy Study No. 50, September 1992.

12 Indicative of the importance of economic development, Mayor Rendell of Philadelphia estimates that he spends 75% of his time on economic development activities. See Ben Yagoda, "Mayor on a Roll," New York Times Magazine, May 22,1994.

13 Montgomery, Lori, "Fighting Pollution, Cities See a Glimmer of Help," Detroit Free Press, February 5, 1994.