Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, Office of Special Environmental Projects, "State of Michigan's Environment 2001," November 2001.
Gov. Bill Owens, "`Look at the Difference It Makes to Have a Conservative Governor,'" Human Events, March 4, 2002, p. 11.
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, gross state product estimates. Data accessible by Internet at http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/regional/gsp.
James Bennett, "A Higher Standard of Living in Right to Work States," National Institute for Labor Relations Research, 1994.
U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Richard Vedder, "Michigan's Prevailing Wage Law and its Effects on Government Spending and Construction Employment," Mackinac Center for Public Policy, September 1999, pp.12-14.
U.S. Census Department, "Michigan State & Local Government Finances by Level of Government: 1998-99," available on the Internet at http://www.census.gov/govs/estimate/9923mi.html.
"Michigan's Prevailing Wage Law Forces Schools to Waste Money," Mackinac Center for Public Policy, Nov. 9, 2001, accessible by Internet at http://www.mackinac.org/3844.
Maurice Baskin, "Union-Only Project Labor Agreements, the Public Record of Poor Performance," Associated Builders and Contractors, 2000, pp. 12-13.
State Rep. Robert Gosselin, "Local Government Getting Too Pushy," The Detroit News, Nov. 11, 1999, p. 11A.
"Big-Four Assail Engler," The Detroit News, June 6, 1999, p. 1B.
29 U.S.C. 207 and MCL 408.384a(8).
For example, the U.S. Office of Personnel Management policy on compensatory time is available on the Internet at http://www.opm.gov/oca/pay/HTML/COMP.HTM. The state of Michigan's overtime policy, including compensatory time, can be read online at http://www.state.mi.us/dmb/ose/Bargaining_Units/mcoc/mcoc_article17.htm.
Michigan Association Public School Academy newsletter, fall 2001, p. 1.
Lawrence M. Rudner, "The Scholastic Achievement and Demographic Characteristics of Home School Students in 1998," Home School Legal Defense Association. Accessible by Internet at http://www.hslda.org/docs/study/rudner1999/Rudner0.asp.
"The Condition of Education 1998," National Center for Education Statistics, available on the Internet at http://nces.ed.gov/pubs98/condition98/c9858a01.html.
"Why Do We Certify Teachers?" Investor's Business Daily, Aug. 11, 1998, p. A1.
MCL 388.1705 (2).
Data from the Michigan Department of Education's Education Options, Charters, and Choices Office, January 2002.
Pierce v. Society of Sisters, 268 U.S. 510, 535 (1925); Wisconsin v. Yoder, 406 U.S. 205 (1972); Wolman v. Walter, 433 U.S. 229, 262 (1977); Mueller v. Allen, 77 L.Ed.2d 721, 728 (1983).
Carrie Lips, "Arizona school-choice plan provides model for others," USA Today, Aug. 23, 2001, p.13A.
Public Sector Consultants Inc., "Michigan in Brief: 1998-99," Chapter 5: "K-12 Funding," p. 235. Accessible on the Internet at http://www.michiganinbrief.org/edition07/Chapter5/K12Funding.htm.
Michigan Department of Management and Budget, Chart: "Since Proposal A School Per Pupil Funding Has Exceeded Inflation," available on the Internet at http://www.state.mi.us/dmb/budget/k12fund/graphs.htm.
Allan Lundell, "A Study of the Effects of the Exemption of School Construction and Renovation Projects from Ohio's Prevailing Wage Law: An Interim Report of a Five-Year Study, Year Two," Ohio Legislative Budget Office: Columbus, Ohio, January 2000.
Undated brochure published by the Michigan Economic Development Corporation entitled, "2002 Corporate Objectives." The first of five objectives reads, "[e]nsure the continuity of the MEDC."
Michael D. LaFaive, "Government `Economic Development' Handouts Rob Peter to Pay Paul," Viewpoint on Public Issues 2000-08, Mackinac Center for Public Policy, February 2000, accessible on the Internet at www.mackinac.org/2670.
See note 31.
Information obtained from the Michigan Economic Development Corporation (compiled by Spencer Nevins and Jeffery Mason) via the Freedom of Information Act, Dec. 19, 2001.
Telephone interviews with Maria Tyszkiewicz, analyst, Michigan Senate Fiscal Agency, by Michael LaFaive of the Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2001.
Michael LaFaive, "State-Run Internet Job Boards: Wasteful, Redundant, and Unfair," Viewpoint on Public Issues No. 2001-12, Mackinac Center for Public Policy, April 2001, available on the Internet at http://www.mackinac.org/3387.
Michael LaFaive, "Failed E-Business Deal Underscores Futility of State Economic Planning," Viewpoint on Public Issues No. 2001-01, Mackinac Center for Public Policy, January 2001, available on the Internet at http://www.mackinac.org/3201.
Harold J. Brumm, "Rent Seeking and Economic Growth: Evidence from the States," Cato Journal, vol. 19, no.1, spring/summer 1999.
Data from the "All MEGA Projects" spreadsheet, obtained from the Michigan Economic Development Corporation (compiled by Spencer Nevins) via the Freedom of Information Act, Jan. 11, 2002.
Michigan State Budget Office, "Statement of the proportion of total state funding from state sources paid to local units of government - legal basis." Deposits made to the Budget Stabilization Fund ("Rainy Day Fund") are subtracted, and withdrawals from the fund are added, so that setting money aside for a "rainy day" is not counted as "spending."
Executive Budget Fiscal Year 2002, "Historical Expenditures/Appropriations; Gross," except that 1996-1998 figures are from the state Comprehensive Annual Financial Reports for those years, to more accurately reflect school aid spending following a change in accounting periods made after Proposal A went into effect.
See note 52, above.
See note 53, above.
U.S. Consumer Price Index, accessed by Internet at the Michigan Senate Fiscal Agency's web site, http://www.senate.state.mi.us/sfa/econrev/USCPI.pdf.
Michigan Census 2000, "Population Change and Distribution," accessible by Internet at http://www.libraryofmichigan.org/binary/totalPopbyCounty.pdf.
U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, data accessible by Internet at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?la as follows: Select "Michigan," "MICHIGAN, seasonally adjusted - LASST26000006," then click "reformat" and under "Specify year range" select "from" 1990 and "to" 2000.
Michigan Family Independence Agency, "Information Packet," April 2001, accessible by Internet at http://www.mfia.state.mi.us/Reports/informationpacket2001.pdf.
Michigan State Police Criminal Justice Information Center, "2000 Uniform Crime Report," accessible by Internet at http://www.michigan.gov/msp/0,1607,7-123-1645_3501_4621-26742--,00.html.
H.B. 4075 in 1999 and S.B. 968 in 2000.
"Tax Revenue Comparison: Michigan and the U.S. Average," Citizens Research Council of Michigan, December 2001, accessible by Internet at http://crcmich.org/PUBLICAT/2000s/2001/Memo1059.pdf.
Michigan Senate Fiscal Agency, "State Tax Burden Per-Capita, 1970-71 to 1998-99," accessible by Internet at http://www.senate.state.mi.us/sfa/revenue/statetaxburdenpercapita.pdf.
SB 259 (1999-2000), Public Act 8 of 1999, MCL 18.1113 et seq.; Michigan House Fiscal Agency, "Michigan Capital Outlay Process," January 2001, accessible by Internet at http://www.house.state.mi.us/hfa/capoutl.pdf.