1 Robert Striebel, vice president of Hart Enterprises Inc., telephone interview with Diane Carey, February 15, 2008; MCL 324.30301-30323.

2 Striebel, telephone interview with Carey, February 15, 2008.

3 Robert C. Day, district representative of the Land and Water Management Division of the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, letter to Alan Taylor, president of Hart Enterprises Inc., July 12, 2006; MCL 324.30306; MCL 324.30311.

4 Jim Sygo, deputy director of the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, letter to Alan Taylor, president of Hart Enterprises Inc., December 28, 2007; Day, letter to Taylor, July 12, 2006.

5 Alan Taylor, president of Hart Enterprises Inc., interview with Diane Carey, December 20, 2007; Michael T. Williams, Williams & Beck Inc., "Report Regarding Construction of Parking Lot Addition," to Steve Gladu, Hart Enterprises materials manager, August 3, 2006.

6 "The Hart Enterprises Wetlands Dispute: Russ Harding interviews Alan Taylor of Hart Enterprises" (Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2007), www.mackinac.org/9038 (accessed June 3, 2008).

7 Taylor, interview with Carey, December 20, 2007; "Apple Tree Development Lot 7[:] a History," (Hart Enterprises Inc., 2007, photocopy); Sharon DeLange, Sparta village manager and finance director, telephone interview with Diane Carey, February 20, 2008.

8 Timothy Bureau, telephone interview with Diane Carey,
January 4, 2008.

9 Bureau, telephone interview with Carey, January 4, 2008; Timothy Bureau, telephone interview with Diane Carey, February 29, 2008; Timothy Bureau, telephone interview with Tom Shull, May 28, 2008.

10 Williams, "Report Regarding Construction," August 3, 2006; Donald N. Hopper, Hopper/Sheeran/Frank Inc., reports to Alan Taylor, president of Hart Enterprises Inc., November 17, 1997.

11 Sharon DeLange, Sparta village manager and finance director, telephone interview with Diane Carey, February 25, 2008.

12 Robert McCann, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality press secretary, telephone interview with Diane Carey, January 4, 2008; MCL 324.30301(p).

13 McCann, interview with Carey, January 4, 2008; Elizabeth M. Browne, chief of the Land and Water Management Division of the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, telephone interview with Diane Carey, January 4, 2008; Luis Saldivia, Grand Rapids district supervisor of the Land and Water Management Division of the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, telephone interview with Diane Carey, January 7, 2008; Jim Sygo, deputy director of the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, telephone interview with Diane Carey, January 11, 2008.

14 Michigan Department of Environmental Quality Land and Water Management Division, "MDEQ Wetland Identification Manual: A Technical Manual for Identifying Wetlands in Michigan, Appendix D: List of Plant Species That Occur in Wetlands, Region 3" (Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, 2001), www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-water-wetlands-idmanual plantlist.pdf (accessed March 1, 2008); Michigan Department of Environmental Quality Land and Water Management Division, "MDEQ Wetland Identification Manual: A Technical Manual for Identifying Wetlands in Michigan, Chapter 3: Wetland Vegetation and Aquatic Life " (Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, 2001), 18, www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-water-wetlands-idmanualchap3.pdf (accessed March 1, 2008).

15 MCL 324.30301(p)(i)-(iii); MCL 324.30319(1); Mich. Admin. Code r. 281.924(3)(a)-(b) (2008).

16 Elizabeth M. Browne, chief of the Land and Water Management Division of the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, telephone interview with Diane Carey, January 3, 2008; Citizens Disposal, Inc v Dep’t of Natural Res, 172 Mich App 541 (1988).

17 McCann, telephone interview with Carey, January 4, 2008; Peg Bostwick, supervisor of the Wetlands, Lakes, and Streams Unit of the Land and Water Management Division of the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, and Elizabeth M. Browne, chief of the Land and Water Management Division of the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, simultaneous telephone interview with Diane Carey, January 4, 2008; MCL 324.30306(6).

18 Browne, telephone interview with Carey, January 4, 2008.

19 Jim Sygo, deputy director of the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, telephone interview with Diane Carey, January 10, 2008; Browne, interview with Carey, January 3, 2008.

20 Bostwick and Browne, simultaneous telephone interview with Carey, January 4, 2008.

21 Sygo, letter to Taylor, December 28, 2007.

22 Ibid.

23 MCL 324.30301-23; MCL 324.30319(1); Mich. Admin. Code r. 281.921(b)(3).

24 MCL 324.30101(h).

25 Ibid.

26 Mich. Admin. Code r. 281.921(e)(i).

27 Sygo, letter to Taylor, December 28, 2007.

28 MCL 324.30301(p).

29 MCL 324.30301(p)(i)-(iii).

30 MCL 324.30311(1); MCL 324.30311(4).

31 MCL 324.30321(2).

32 "Wetland Inventory Maps," Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, www.michigan.gov/deq/0,1607,7-135-3313_3687-11178--,00.html (accessed April 10, 2008).

33 Ibid.

34 Sygo, letter to Taylor, December 28, 2007; Robert C. Day, district representative of the Land and Water Management Division of the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, letter to Alan Taylor, president of Hart Enterprises Inc., January 4, 2008.

35 Day, letter to Taylor, 1, January 4, 2008.

36 Luis Saldivia, Grand Rapids district supervisor of the Land and Water Management Division of the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, telephone interview with Diane Carey, February 26, 2008; MCL 324.30316(1)-(2); MCL 324.30316(4).

37 Taylor, interview with Carey, December 20, 2007.

38 Robert Striebel, vice president of Hart Enterprises Inc., letter to state Sen. Wayne Kuipers, 2, July 28, 2006.

39 Gov. Jennifer M. Granholm, "State of the State Address: Michigan: Jobs Today — Jobs Tomorrow" (2005), www.michigan.gov/gov/0,1607,7-168-23442_21981-110164--,00.html (accessed May 30, 2008).

40 MCL 324.30302(1)(b)(i)-(vi); "Michigan Wetland Mitigation and Permit Compliance Study: Final Report," Land and Water Management Division of the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, February 2001.

41 MCL 324.30305(4)(a)-(c).

42 Revised Code of Washington 90.58.030(2)(h); Revised Code of Washington 36.70A.030(21).

43 MCL 324.30301(p); MCL 324.30301(p)(i).

44 MCL 324.30305(2)(j); MCL 324.30311(1)-(2)(a); MCL 324.30311(4).