Ahlbrandt, R. 1974. "Implications of Contracting for Public Service." Urban Affairs Quarterly 9:337-58.

Ahlbrandt, R. 1973. "Efficiency in the Provision of Fire Services." Public Choice 16:1-15.

Atkinson, S., and R. Halvorsen. 1986. "The Relative Efficiency of Public and Private Firms in a Regulated Environment: The Case of U.S. Electric Utilities." Journal of Public Economics 20:281-94. (April).

Becker, E., and F. Sloan. 1985. "Hospital Ownership and Performance." Economic Inquiry 23:21-36.

Bellamy, J. 1981. "Two Utilities are Better than One."Reason 12 (October).

Bennett, J., and M. Johnson. 1980. "Tax Reduction Without Sacrifice: Private Sector Production of Public Services." Public Finance Quarterly 8:363-96.

Bennett, J., and T. DiLorenzo. 1983. "Public Employee Unions and the Privatization of Public Services." Journal of Labor Research 4 (1):33-45 (Winter).

Benton, W, Jr. 1979. "Questions for Research and Development." In K. Wedel, A. Katz, and A. Weick, eds. Social Services by Government Contract: a Policy Analysis, 81-91. New York: Praeger.

Borcherding, T., W Pommerehne, and F. Schneider. 1982. "Comparing the Efficiency of Private and Public Production: The Evidence from Five Countries." Journal of Economics (suppl. 2):127-56.

Bundesrechnungshof. 1972. "Bemerkungen des Bundesrechnungshofs zur Bundeshaushalts­rechnung (einschliesslich Bundesvermogensrechnung) fuer das Haushaltsjahr." Bundestags­drucksache 7/2709:110-111. Cited in T. Borcherding, W. Pommerehne, and F. Schneider, "Comparing the Efficiency of Private and Public Production: The Evidence from Five Countries." Journal of Economics (suppl. 2):127-56.

Bundesregierung Deutschland. 1976. "Agrarbericht 1976." Bundestagsdrucksache (7/4680): 63-65, and Bundestag sdrucksache (7/4681):146. Cited in T. Borcherding, W. Pommerehne, and F. Schneider, "Comparing the Efficiency of Private and Public Production: The Evidence from Five Countries." Journal of Economics (suppl. 2):127-56.

Campbell, A. 1988. "Private Delivery of Public Services: Sorting Out the Policy and Management Issues." Public Management 68(12)3:5 (December).

Canada, Auditor General of, Report of 1985. Ottawa: Office of the Auditor General, Section 13.

Caponiti, F., and E. Booher. 1986. "An Enforcement Alternative." The Parking Professional (November): 16-22.

Caves. D., and L. Christensen. 1980. "The Relative Efficiency of Public and Private Firms in a Competitive Environment: The Case of Canadian Railroads." Journal of Political Economy 88:958-76.

Collins, J., and B. Downes. 1977. "The Effect of Size on the Provision of Public Services: The Case of Solid Waste Collection in Smaller Cities." Urban Affairs Quarterly 12:333-34.

Crain, W., and A. Zardkoohi. 1978. "A Test of the Property Rights Theory of the Firm: Water Utilities in the United States." Journal of Law and Economics 21:395-408.

David, I. 1987. Privatization in America. Washington, D.C.: Touche Ross.

Davies, D. 1982. "Property Rights and Economic Behavior in Private and Government Enterprises: The Case of Australia's Banking System." Research in Law and Economics 3:111-42.

Davies, D. 1977. "Property Rights and Economic Efficiency: The Australian Airlines Revisited." Journal of Law and Economics 20:223-26.

Davies, D. 1971. "The Efficiency of Public versus Private Firms: The Case of Australia's Two Airlines." Journal of Law and Economics 14:149-65.

Deacon, R. 1979. "The Expenditure Effects of Alternative Public Supply Institutions." Public Choice 34(3-4):381-97.

Domberger, S., and J. Piggott. 1986. "Privatization Policies and Public Enterprise: A Survey." Economic Record 62:145-62 (June).

Edwards, F., and B. Stevens. 1979. "Relative Efficiency of Alternative Institutional Arrangements for Collecting Refuse: Collective Action vs. the Free Market." New York: Columbia University. Mimeo.

Feigenbaum, S., and R. Teeples. 1982. "Public Versus Private Water Delivery: a Hedonic Cost Approach." Claremont, California: Claremont Graduate School (June). Cited in E. Savas, Privatization: The Key to Better Government, 149-150. Chatham, New Jersey: Chatham House Publishers, Inc.

Finsinger, J. 1981. "Competition, Ownership and Control in Markets with Imperfect Information: The Case of the German Liability and Life Insurance Markets." Berlin: International Institute of Management, Berlin. Mimeo. Cited in T. Borcherding, W. Pommerehne, and F. Schneider, "Comparing the Efficiency of Private and Public Production: The Evidence from Five Countries." Journal of Economics (suppl. 2):127-56.

Fischer-Menshausen, H. 1975. "Entlastung des Staates durch Privatisierung von Aufgaben." (Wirtschaftsdienst 55:545-52. Cited in T. Borcherding, W. Pommerehne, and F. Schneider, "Comparing the Efficiency of Private and Public Production in Five Countries." Journal of Economics (suppl.2):127-56.

Fixler, P., Jr., and R. W. Poole. 1987. "Status of State and Local Privatization." in S. Hanke, ed., Prospects for Privatization, Proceedings ofthe Academy of Political Science 36(3):164-78.

Grannemann, T.R. Brown, and M. Pauly. 1986. "Estimating Hospital Costs: a Multiple Output Analysis." Journal of Health Economics 5:107-27.

Grant, J., and D. Bast. 1987. "Corrections and the Private Sector: a Guide for Public Officials." Chicago: Heartland Institute (May).

Hamburger Senat. 1974. Abschlussbericht des Beauftragten zur Gebaudereinigung. Hamburg: Hamburger Senat. Cited in T. Borcherding, W. Pommerehne, and F. Schneider, "Comparing the Efficiency of Private and Public Production: The Evidence from Five Countries."Journal of Economics (suppl.2):127-56.

Hanke, S. 1985a. "The Literature on Privatization." In S. Butler, ed., The Privatization Option, 83-97. Washington, D.C.: The Heritage Foundation.

Hatry, H. 1983. A Review of Private Approaches for Delivery ofPublic Services. Washington, D.C.: Urban Institute.

Hellman, R. 1972. Government Competition in the Electric Utility Industry.New York: Praeger.

Privatization Cost Savings

Hilke, J. 1986. "The Impact of Volunteer Firefighters on Local Government Spending and Taxation." Municipal Finance Journal 7(1):33-44 (Winter).

Hirsch, W. 1965. "Cost Functions of Urban Government Services: Refuse Collection." Review of Economics and Statistics 47:87-92. Cited in T. Borcherdino, W. Pommerehne, and F. Schneider, "Comparing the Efficiency of Private and Public Production: The Evidence from Five Countries." Journal of Economics (suppl.2):127-56.

Holmes, P. 1985. "Taking Services Private." Nation's Business (August):20-25.

Houlden, P., and S. Balkin. 1985. "Quality and Cost Comparisons of Private Bare Indigent Defense Systems: Contract vs. Ordered Assigned Counsel." Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 76(1):176-200.

Kaiser, C. 1977. "Custodial Services in Schools Termed Wasteful by Goldin." New York Times (January):45.

Kaiser, C. 1976. "Private Tollways." New York Times (September 4).

Kemper, P., and J. Quigley. 1976. The Economics of Refuse Collection. Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger.

Kennedy, K., and R. Mehr. 1977. "A Case Study in Private versus Public Enterprise: The Manitoba Experience with Automobile Insurance." Journal of Risk and Insurance 4:595-621.

Kitchen, H. 1976. "A Statistical Estimation of an Operating Cost Function for Municipal Refuse Collection." Public Finance Quarterly 4:56-76.

Kristensen, O. 1983. "Public Versus Private Provision of Governmental Services: The Case of Danish Fire Protection Services." Urban Studies 20:1-9.

Lindsay, C. 1976. "A Theory of Government Enterprise."Journal of Political Economy 84(2):1061-77.

Lindsay, C. 1975. Veterans Administration Hospitals. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute.

McDavid, J., and E. Butler. 1984. Fire Services in Canadian Municipalities. Victoria, B.C., Canada: University of Victoria. Cited in E. Savas, Privatization: The Key to Better Government. Chatham, New Jersey: Chatham House.

Mann, P., and J. Mikesell. 1976. "Ownership and Water Systems Operations." Water Resources Bulletin 12:995-1004.

Mehay, S. 1979. "Intergovernmental Contracting for Municipal Police Services: An Empirical Analysis." Land Economics 55(1):59-72 (February).

Mehay, S., and R. Gonzalez. 1985. "Economic Incentives Under Contract Supply of Local Government Services." Public Choice 46:79-86.

Meyer, R. 1975. "Publicly Owned versus Privately Owned Utilities: A Policy Choice." Review of Economics and Statistics 57:391-99.

Moore, S. 1988. "Privatization in America's Cities: Lessons for Washington, Part 1." Heritage Foundation Backgrounder- #652 (May 31).

Moore, S. 1987. "Contracting Out: A Painless Alternative to the Budget Cutter's Knife." Cited in S. Hanke, ed., Prospects for Privatization, Proceedings of the Academyof Political Science 36(3):60-73.

Moore, T. 1970. "The Effectiveness of Regulation of Electric Utility Prices." Southern Economic Journal 36:365-75.

Morgan, W. 1977. "Investor Owned vs. Publicly Owned Water Agencies: An Evaluation of the Property Rights Theory of the Firm." Water Resources Bulletin 13;775-82.

Morlok, E., and F. Moseley. 1986. "Potential Savings from Competitive Contracting of Bus Transit." Report R-UP9951-86-1, University of Pennsylvania Civil Engineering Department (April).

Morlok, E., and P. Viton. 1985. "The Comparative Costs of Public and Private Providers of Mass Transit." in C. Lave, ed., Urban Transit. 233-54. San Francisco: Pacific Institute. Cited in E. Savas, Privatization. The Key to Better- Government. Chatham, New Jersey: Chatham House.

Muth, F., 1973. Public Housing: An Economic Evaluation. Washington, D.C. Cited in T. Borcherding, W. Pommerehne, and F. Schneider, "Comparing the Efficiency of Private and Public Production: The Evidence from Five Countries." Journal of Economics (suppl. 2):127-56.

Noether, M. 1987. Competition Among Hospitals. Washington, D.C.: Federal Trade Commission.

Oelert, W. 1976. "Reprivatiaierung des offentlichen Personal verkehrs, wo und wie?" Der Personenverkehr 4:108-14. Cited in T. Borcherding, W. Pommerehne, and F. Schneider, "Comparing the Efficiency of Private and Public Production: The Evidence from Five Countries." Journal of Economics (suppl. 2):127-56.

Pausch, R. 1976. Moglichkeiten einer Privatisierung offentlicher Unternehmen. Gottingen: Schwartz. Cited in T. Borcherding, W. Pommerehne, and F. Schneider, "Comparing the Efficiency of Private and Public Production: Evidence from Five Countries." Journal of Economics (suppl. 2);127-56.

Perry, J., and T. Babitsky. 1986. "Comparative Performance in Urban Transit: Assessing Privatization Strategies." Public Administration Review (January/February):57-66.

Peterson, G. 1951. "Pricing and Privatization of Public Services." Urban Institute Project Report (July).

Petrovic, W., and B. Jaffee. 1977. "Aspects of the Generation and Collection of Household Refuse in Urban Areas." Bloomington: Indiana University. Mimeo. Cited in T. Borcherding, W. Pommerehne, and F. Schneider. "Comparing the Efficiency of Private and Public Production: The Evidence from Five Countries." Journal of Economics (suppl.2):127-56.

Pfister, W. 1976. "Steigende Millionenverluste der Bayerischen Staatsforstverwaltung: Ein Dauerzustand'?: Mitteilungsblatt des Bayerischen Waldbesitzerverbandes," 2:1-9. Cited in T. Borcherding. W. Pommerehne, and F. Schneider, "Comparing the Efficiency of Private and Public Production: The Evidence from Five Countries." Journal of Economics (suppl.2):127-56.

Pier. W., R. Vemon, and J. Wicks. 1974. "An Empirical Comparison of Government and Private Production Efficiency." National Tax Journal 27:653-56.

Pommerehne, W., and F. Schneider. 1985. Private or Public Prndractiorr: A Europeart Perspective. Aarhus, Denmark: University of Aarhus.

Poole, R. W., Jr. 1980. Cutting Back City Hall. New York: Universe Books.

Poole, R. W., Jr. 1976. "Fighting Fires for Profit." Reason 8(1):6-11 (May).

President's Commission on Privatization. 1988. "Privatization: Toward More Effective Government." Washington, D.C.: President's Commission on Privatization.

Primeaux, W. 1975, "A Reexamination of the Monopoly Market Structure for Electric Utilities." In A. Philips, ed., Promoting Competition in Regulated Markets, 175-200. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution.

Rechnungshof Rheinland-Pfalz. 1972. "Jahresbericht uber die Prufung der Haushaltsund Wirtschaftsfuhrung sowie der Landeshaushaltsrechnung 1977." Landtags­Drucksache Rheinland-Pfalz 7/1750:81-84. Cited in T. Borcherding, W. Pommerehne, and F. Schneider, "Comparing the Efficiency of Private and Public Production: Evidence from Five Countries." Journal of Economics (suppl.2):127-56.

Register, C., and E. Bruning. 1987. "Profit Incentives and Technical Efficiency in the Production of Hospital Care." Southern Economic Journal 53:899-914.

Rice Center for Urban Mobility Research. 1985. New Directions in Urban Transportation: Public/Private Partnerships. Washington, D.C.; U.S. Department of Transportation, Urban Mass Transportation Administration.

Robinson, J., and H. Luft. 1988. "Competition. Regulation, and Hospital Costs, 1982-1986." Journal of the American Medical Association 260:2676-81.

Roth, G. 1987. "Airport Privatization." In S. Hanke. ed., Prospects .for Privatization, Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science 36(3):74-82.

Savas, E. 1987. Privatization: The Key to Better Government. Chatham, New Jersey: Chatham House Publishers.

Savas, E. 1981. "Intracity Competition Between Public and Private Service Delivery." Public Administration Review 41:46-52 (January/February).

Savas, E. 1980. "Comparative Costs of Public and Private Enterprise." In W. Baumol, ed., Public and Private Enterprise in a Mixed Economy, 234-94. New York and London: St. Martin's Press.

Savas, E. 1977a. "An Empirical Study of Competition in Municipal Service Delivery." Public Administration Review 37:717-24.

Savas, E. 1977b. Evaluating the Organization and Efficiency of Solid Waste Collection. Lexington, Mass.: Lexington Books.

Savas, E. 1974. "Municipal Monopolies vs. Competition in Delivering Urban Services." In W. Hawley and D. Rogers, eds., Improving the Quality of Urban Management, 437-500. Beverly Hills, California: Sage Publications.

Schlesinger, M., R. Dorwart, and R. Pulice. 1986. "Competitive Bidding and States' Purchase of Services: The Case of Mental Health Care in Massachusetts." Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 5(2):245-63 (1986).

Schneider H., and C. Schuppener. 1971. Soziale Absicherung der Wohnungs­markwirtschaft durch Individualsubventionen. Gottingen: Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht. Cited in T. Borcherding, W. Pommerehne, and F. Schneider, "Comparing the Efficiency of Private and Public Production: Evidence from Five Countries." Journal of Economics (suppl.2):127-56.

Shortell, S., and E. Hughes. 1988. "The Effects of Regulation, Competition, and Ownership on Mortality Rates Among Hospital Inpatients." New England Journal of Medicine 318(17):1100-07.

Simon, J., and D. Simon. 1987. "Socialism Versus RPM Versus Free Enterprise: State Liquor Distribution Systems Revisited." Unpublished.

Smith, R. 1983. "Feet to the Fire." Reason 14:23-29 (March). Cited in K. Clarkson and P. Fixler, Jr.,The Role of Privatization in Florida's Growth. Tallahassee, Fla.: Florida Chamber of Commerce Foundation.

Spann, R. 1977. "Public versus Private Provision of Governmental Services." In T. Borcherding, ed., Budgets and Bureaucrats: The Sources ofGovernment Growth, 71-89. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.

Stevens, B. 1984.Delivering Municipal Services Efficiently: A Comparison ofMunicipal Services Efficiently: A Comparison of Municipal and Private Service Delivery. Washington, D.C.; U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.

Stocker, F. 1973. "Value Determination: The Assessor's Staff vs. the Private Appraisal Firm." In Property Tax Reform: The Role ofthe Property Tax in the Nation's Revenue System. Chicago: International Association of Assessing Officers. Cited in R. W. Poole, Jr., Cutting Back City Hall. New York: Universe Books.

Stolzenberg, R., and S. Berry. 1985. A Pilot Study of the Impact of' OMB Circular A-7h on Motor Vehicle Maintenance Cost and Quality in the U.S. Air Force. Santa Barbara. California: Rand Corporation.

Talley, W., and E. Anderson. 1986. "Urban Transit Firms Providing Transit, Paratransit. and Contracted-Out Services." Journal of Transport Economics and Policy 20(3):353-68 (September).

Teal, R., G. Guiliano, and E. Morlok. 1986. "Public Transit Service Contracting. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Urban Mass Transportation Administration (March).

U.S. General Accounting Office. 1985b. DOD Functions Contracted Out Under OMB Circular A-76: Contract Cost Increases and the Effects on Federal Employees. Washington, D.C.: GAO (April IS).

U.S. General Accounting Office. 1982a. Replacing Post Offices With Alternative Services: A Debated But Unresolved Issue. Washington, D.C.: U.S. GAO (September 2).

U.S. General Accounting Office. 1982b. The Postal Service Can Substantiall1v Reduce Its Cleaning Costs.Washington, D.C.: U.S. GAO (December 28).

U.S. General Accounting Office. 1981a. Review of DOD Contracts Awarded Under OMB Circular A-76. Washington, D.C.: U.S. GAO (August 26).

U.S. General Accounting Office. 1981b. GSA's Cleaning Costs are Needlessly Higher than in the Private Sector Washington, D.C.: U.S. GAO (August 24).

Valente, C., and L. Manchester. 1984. Rethinking Local Services: Examining Alternative Delivery Approaches. Management Information Service Special Report #!2. Washington. D.C.: International City Management Association.

Wallace. R., and P. Junck. 1974. "Implications of Contracting for Public Service." Urban Affairs Quarterly 9:337-58.

Walters, A. 1987. "Ownership and Efficiency in Urban Buses." In S. Hanke, ed., Prospects for Privatization, Proceedingsof the Academy of Political Science 36(3):83-92.

Wedel, K., A. Katz, and A. Weick, eds. 1979. Social Services by Government Contract:A Policy Analysis. New York: Praeger.

Weicher, J. 1980. Housing. Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute.

White, L., 1983. The Public Library in the 1980's: The Problems of Choice.Lexington, Massachusetts: Lexington Books.

Wilson, G.. and J. Jadlow. 1982. "Competition, Profit Incentives, and Technical Efficiency in the Nuclear Medicine Industry." Indiana University, Bloomington. Mimeo. Cited in T. Borcherding, W. Pommerehne. and F. Schneider, "Comparing the Efficiency of Private and Public Production: Evidence from Five Countries." Journal of Economics (suppl. 2):127-56.