1. Irwin T. David, "State Government Privatization 1992," Apogee Research, Inc., Bethesda, MD, 1992.

2. Penelope Lemov, "The Decade of Red Ink," Governing, August 1992, 22.

3. Ibid., 3.

4. Stephen Moore, "State Spending Splurge: The Real Story Behind the Fiscal Crisis in State Government," Cato Institute Policy Analysis, No. 152, May 23, 1991.

5. Stephen Moore, "Taxes, Economic Growth, and Budget Deficits: What Washington Can Learn from the States," The Heritage Foundation Backgrounder, No.722, July 25, 1989.

6. Intellectual Ammunition, The Heartland Institute, Chicago, Vol. 1, No. 2, July/August 1992.

7. See for instance, Richard Vedder, "State and Local Economic Development Strategy: A Supply-Side Perspective," U.S. Congress, Joint Economic Committee, October 1981; Robert J. Genetski, "The Impact of State and Local Taxes on Economic Growth: 1963-1980," (Harris Bank: Chicago, December 17, 1992); Victor A. Canto, "The State Competitive Environment: 1987-88 Update", (A.B. Laffer Associates, February 1988); Price Waterhouse, "Voting with their Feet: A Study of the Tax Consequences of Cross-Border Activity in New England," American Legislative Exchange Council, The State Factor, Vol. 18, No. 11, August 1992; Michael A. Nelson, "Taxation of Natural Resources and State Economic Growth," Growth and Change, Vol. 20, No. 4, Fall 1989, 13-30; Thomas R. Plaut and Joseph E. Pluta, "Business Climate, Taxes, and Expenditures, and State Industrial Growth in the United States," Southern Economic Journal, Vol. 50, No. 1, July 1983, 99-119; and William J. Hunter and Charles E. Scott, "Interstate Differences in Individual Income Taxes," Public Finance Quarterly, Vol. 14, No. 1, January 1986, 69-86.

8. Vedder, op.cit.

9. Canto, op.cit.

10. Price Waterhouse, op.cit.

11. Michael Marlow and Neela Manage, "Expenditures and Receipts: testing for Causality in State and Local Government Balances," Public Choice, 1987, 243-255.

12. Stephen Moore, "Read Our Lips: The Tax Revolt Lives," Reason, June 1992, 41.

13. Ibid.

14. "The Tax Mandate," The Wall Street Journal, November 5, 1992.

15. Irwin David, op.cit.

16. Ibid.

17. A chart summarizing the findings of over 100 studies on privatization is located in John C. Hilke, Competition in Government-Financed Services (New York: Quorom Books, 1992).

18. P.S. Florestano and S.B. Gordon, "Public vs. Private: Small Government Contracting with the Private Sector," Public Administration Review, No. 40, 1980, 29-34.

19. See, for example, Barbara Stevens, "Comparing public and private-sector productive efficiency: an analysis of eight activities," National Productivity Review, Vol. -3, 1984, 395-406.

20. W. Pommerehne and F. Schneider, Private or Public Production: A European Perspective, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark, 1985.

21. See for instance, "A Comprehensive Privatization Program for the City of Philadelphia," by the New York City-based Privatization International Consulting firm, 1992; and "A Comprehensive Privatization Program for the University of Maryland," prepared by the Houston-based Privatization for America, Inc., October 1992.

22. Penelope Lemov, "The Decade of Red Ink," Governing, August 1992, 25.

23. Charles W. Thomas and Suzanna L. Foard, "Private Adult Correctional Facility Census," Center for Studies in Criminology and Law, University of Florida, June 30, 1992.

24. Ibid.

25. Lynn Scarlett and Robert W. Poole, Jr., "Cutting State Deficits: The Role of Privatization," Reason Foundation Policy Insight, No. 132, November 1991.

26. Philip E. Fixler, Ph.D., and William D. Eggers, "California Budget Assessment Project," Reason Foundation Policy Insight, No. 209, June 1990, 15.

27. Scarlett and Poole, Jr., op.cit.

28. Sam Brakel, "Privatization and Corrections," Reason Foundation Policy Insight, No. 107, January 1989.

29. Joan W. Allen, "Use of the Private Sector in Corrections Service Delivery," in The Private Sector in State Service Delivery: Examples of Innovative Practices, The Council of State Governments and The Urban Institute (Washington D.C.: The Urban Institute Press: 1989), 29.

30. Ibid., 24.

31. Anna David, "Public-Private Partnerships: The Private Sector and Innovation in Education," Reason Foundation Policy Insight, No. 142, July 1992.

32. Ibid., 4.

33. Ibid., 10.

34. Ibid., 14.

35. Ibid.

36. Ibid., 5.

37. Rodolfo Abella, "Evaluation of the Satellite Learning Centers Program," February 1991.

38. "Privatization for New York: Competing for a Better Future," Report of the New York State Senate Advisory Commission on Privatization, January 1992.

39. Janet R. Beales, "Survey of Education Vouchers and their Budgetary Impact on California," Reason Foundation Policy Insight, No. 144, August 1992.

40. John Stainback, "The CPP for the University of Maryland," Privatization for America, Inc., October 1992.

41. Irwin David, op.cit., 25.

42. Report of the Transportation Privatization Task Force, Executive Office of Transportation and Construction, The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, December 1991.

43. Scarlett and Poole, op.cit.

44. Ibid., 14.

45. Roger Teal, "Cost Savings from Competitive Contracting of Bus Transit in the U.S.A.: Part I," PTI Journal, March/April, 8.

46. Private Sector Briefs: Private Involvement in Public Transportation (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Transportation, Urban Mass Transportation Administration, Office of Private Sector Initiatives, 1988, 1990, 1992).

47. Keon Chi, "What Other States are Doing" in Privatization for New York: Competing for a Better Future, E.S. Savas, ed., Report of the New York State Senate Advisory Commission on Privatization, January 1992, 25.

48. David Osborne and Ted Gaebler, Reinventing Government (Reading Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Inc., 1992).

49. "1990 Privatization Survey," by the Mercer Group, Atlanta, October 1990.

50. Mark Fall, "Use of the Private Sector for State Government Passenger Vehicle Maintenance," in The Private Sector in State Service Delivery: Examples of Innovative Practices, 134.

51. For a lengthy discussion of opportunities for airport privatization see, Robert W. Poole, Jr., "Privatizing Airports," Reason Foundation Policy Insight, No. 119, January 1990.

52. President George Bush, "Executive Order 12803 of April 30, 1992, Infrastructure Privatization," Federal Register, Vol. 57, No. 86, May 4, 1992.

53. Robert W. Poole, Jr., "Private Tollways: How States Can Leverage Federal Highway Funds," Reason Foundation Policy Insight, No. 136, February 1992.

54. For more information see: Robert W. Poole, Jr. and John R. Guardiano, "The Market for Private Toll Projects in the United States," Reason Foundation Policy Insight, No. 140, May 1992.

55. Robert W. Poole, Jr., David Haarmeyer, and Lynn Scarlett, "Mining the Government Balance Sheet: What Cities and States Have to Sell," Reason Foundation Policy Insight, No. 139, April 1992, 7.

56. The turnpikes are in: Massachusetts, New York, Ohio, Indiana, Kansas, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Florida.

57. Poole, Haanneyer, and Scarlett, 7.

58. Joan W. Allen, "Use of the Private Sector for Service Delivery in State Parks and Recreation Areas," in The Private Sector in State Service Delivery: Examples of Innovative Practices, 56.

59. Ibid., 67.

60. Andrew J. Buck and Simon Hakim, "Privatizing Liquor Sales in Pennsylvania," The Commonwealth Foundation for Public Policy Alternatives, June 1991.

61. Ibid., 19.

62. Ibid., 16.

63. Privatization 1992, Sixth Annual Report on Privatization, Reason Foundation, 1992, 10.

64. Matt Hamblen, "Privatization Lite: The States and Liquor," Governing, June 1992, 26.

65. Buck and Hakim, op.cit., 23.

66. Lawrence W. Reed, "Privatizing Accident Fund Helps Workers," The Detroit News, July 5, 1988, 66.6A.

67. Ibid.

68. Ibid.

69. Edwin S. Rubinstein, "Medicaid," in Privatization for New York: Competing for a Better Future, 61.

70. See, for instance, Michael D. Tanner, "Medicaid: Giving Georgia's Poor a Chance," Georgia Public Policy Foundation Issue Analysis, Atlanta, 1992.

71. Ibid., 4.

72. Rubinstein, op.cit., 67.

73. "Saving hospitals ends one chapter and opens another," Republican, Pottsville, PA, November 29, 1991.

74. E.S. Savas, Privatization: The Key to Better Government (Chatham, New Jersey: Chatham House Publishers, 1987), 193.

75. Martin Tolchin, "As Companies Buy Hospitals, Treatment of Poor is Debated," New York Times, January 25, 1985.

76. Fixler and Eggers, op.cit.

77. Charles D. Baker, Undersecretary for Health, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, "Private Sector Opportunities/Public Sector Initiative: The Massachusetts Experience," speech at the Sixth Annual Privatization Council National Conference, Washington, DC, April 27-28, 1992.

78. David Haarmeyer, "Innovative and Unique Trend is Emerging in the Field of Child-Support Services," Privatization Watch, Reason Foundation, January 1992, 5.

79. Daneil Alesch, Ph.D, "Privatizing Welfare in Brown County, Wisconsin," Wisconsin Policy Research Institute Report, The Wisconsin Policy Research Institute, May 1990.

80. Privatization 1992, op.cit., 17.

81. Gary Enos, "Privatization for Welfare," City and State, October 15, 1992.

82. E.S. Savas, Privatization: The Key to Better Government (Chatham, New Jersey: Chatham House Publishers, 1987), 279-281.

83. Ibid., 207.

84. Ibid., 79.

85. Keon Chi, Kevin M. Devlin, and Wayne Masterman, "Use of the Private

Sector in Delivery of Human Services," in The Private Sector in State Service Delivery: Examples of Innovative Practices, 79-97.

86. Carolyn L. Weaver, "Privatizing Vocational Rehabilitation: Options for Increasing Individual Choice and Enhancing Competition," paper presented at the National Council on Disability Symposium, Washington, D.C., November 28 and 29, 1990.

87. David Stoesz, "Social Service Vouchers: Bringing Choice and Competition to Social Services," Progressive Policy Institute Policy Report, No. 16, July 1992, 11.

88. Ibid., 208.

89. Stuart Butler and Anna Kondratas, Out of the Poverty Trap: A Conservative Strategy for Welfare Reform (New York: The Free Press, 1987),

81.

90. Ibid.