1. I.T. David, "Privatization in America," Municipal Yearbook (Washington D.C.: International City Management Association, 1988).

2. American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME), Passing The Bucks (Washington, D.C.: AFSCME, 1983); and AFSCME, Private Profit, Public Risk (Washington, D.C.: AFSCME).

3. AFSCME, Private Profit, Public Risk (Washington, D.C.: AFSCME).

4. American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME), Passing The Bucks (Washington, D.C.: AFSCME, 1983).

5. Elaine Berenyi, "Berwyn, Illinois: A Case Study of a Change in Organizational Arrangements for Residential Refuse Collection," Unpublished Paper, New York: Center for Governmental Studies, Graduate School of Business, 1977.

6. Edward Wesemann, Contracting for City Services (Pittsburgh: Innovations Press, 1981).

7. American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME), Passing The Bucks (Washington, D.C.: AFSCME, 1983).

8. John Marlin, ed., Contracting Municipal Services (New York: Ronald Press, 1984).

9. Susan McManus, "Why Businesses are Reluctant to Sell to Governments," Public Administration Review, 51 (January/February, 1991).

10. Edward Wesemann, Contracting for City Services (Pittsburgh: Innovations Press, 1981).

11. John Rehfuss, Contracting Out in Government (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1989).

12. American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME), Passing The Bucks (Washington, D.C.: AFSCME, 1983); and John Rehfuss, Contracting Out in Government (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1989).