1. Kyle Jen and Julie Stapleman, "Line Item and Boilerplate Summary, Military and Veterans Affairs Fiscal Year 2002, January 2002, p. 1.

  2. Michigan Manual 2001-2002, "Department of Military and Veterans Affairs," Lansing, Sept. 2001, p. 519.

  3. Ibid.

  4. Ibid.

  5. Ibid.

  6. Telephone interview of Lieutenant General E. Gordon Stump by Mackinac Center for Public Policy Director of Leadership Development Brian Carpenter, November 2002.

  7. Interview of Hubert B. Hess by Mackinac Center for Public Policy Director of Leadership Development Brian Carpenter, Nov. 13, 2002.