1. Author’s calculations based on data from the Michigan Community College Network web site, (accessible on the Internet at http://www.michigancc.net/s_d/reports/edd/feeag.pdf) and the Mackinac Center for Public Policy study Advancing Civil Society: A State Budget to Strengthen Michigan Culture, Second Edition," April, 1996, p. 29.

  2. See Chodorov, Frank. "Why Free Schools are Not Free" and "Private Schools: The Solution to America’s Educational Problem," in "Figurative Essays: Selected Writings of Frank Chodorov," Indianapolis: Liberty Press, 1980; Lieberman, Myron. "Beyond Education," New York: Praeger, 1986; Lieberman, Myron. "Public Education: An Autopsy," Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1993; Richman, Sheldon. "Separating School and State," Fairfax, Va.: Future of Freedom Foundation, 1994; and Sommer, John W. (editor), "The Academy in Crisis: The Political Economy of Higher Education," New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1995.

  3. Boilerplate language found in Senate Bill 1049, p. 19. Accessible on the Internet at http://www.michiganlegislature.org/documents/2003-2004/billintroduced/ senate/pdf/2004-SIB-1042.pdf

  4. Michigan Department of Career Development, "At-Risk Student Success Program: Grant Expenditures and Program Summaries, January, 2002. The enrollment figures are found at http://www.michigancc.net/s_d/reports/trends/fe01.pdf, and is put out by the Michigan Community College Network.

  5. Author’s calculations are based on three documents: The At-Risk Student Success Program report, referenced immediately above, and Michigan Community College Network, "Total Year-End Enrollments by Community College 1999-2000 and 2000-2001." Accessible on the Internet at http://www.michigancc.net/s_d/reports/edd/tyeebcc.pdf.

  6. Telephone interview of Rhonda Burke, Michigan Department of Career Development, by Mackinac Center for Public Policy Research Assistant James Hohman, Nov. 8, 2002.

  7. At-Risk Student Success Program report, January, 2002, no page number is given.

  8. Ibid.

  9. Ibid.