1. 81 Tenn. 507 (1884)

  2. H. G. Wood, Master and Servant (2nd edition), section 134 (1886)

  3. Feinman, The Development of the Employment-at-Will Rule, 20 Am. J. Legal History 118 (1976); Hill, "Wrongful Discharge" and the Derogation of the At-Will Employment Doctrine, University of Pennsylvania Labor Relations and Public Policy Series, No. 31 (1987)

  4. 200 U.S. 161 (1908)

  5. 236 U.S. 1 (1915)

  6. 301 U.S. 1 (1937)

  7. 301 U.S. 103 (1937)

  8. 29 U.S.C. sections 215(a)(3), 216(b)

  9. 29 U.S.C. section 660(c)

  10. Title Vii, 42 U.S.C. sections 2000e, et. seq.

  11. 29 U.S.C. sections 621-634

  12. P.L. 101-336

  13. Michigan Eiliott-Larsen Civil Rights Act of 1977, MCL 37.2101 et seq. Michigan Handicappers' Civil Rights Act, MCL 37.1101 et seq. Payment of Wages and Fringe Benefits, MCL 408.472 et seq. Bullard-Plawecki Employee Right to Know Act, MCL 423.501 et seq. Polygraph Protection Act of 1981, MCL 37.202 et seq. The Whistleblowers' Protection Act, MCL 15.361 et seq.

  14. 174 Cal.App. 2d 184, 344 P.2d 25 (1959)

  15. 81 Mich.App. 489,265 N.W.2d 385 (1978)

  16. 27 Cal.3d 167, 610 P.2d 1330, 164 Cal.Rptr. 839 (1980)

  17. 740 F.2d 739 (1982)

  18. 179 Conn. 471, 427 A.2d 385 (1980)

  19. 272 Or. 210, 536 P.2d 512 (1975)

  20. 85 111.2d 124, 421 N.E.2d 876 (1981)

  21. 535 F.Supp. 564 (E.D.N.Y. 1982)

  22. 260 Ind. 249, 297 N.E.2d 425 (1973)

  23. 114 N.H. 130, 316 A.2d 549 (1974)

  24. 373 Mass. 96, 364 N.E.2d 1251 (1977)

  25. 99 N.J. 284, 491 A.2d 1257 (1985)

  26. 115 111.2d 482, 505 N.E.2d 314 (1987)

  27. 116 Cal.App.3d 311, 171 Cal.Rptr. 917 (1981)

  28. 408 Mich. 579, 292 N.W.2d 880 (1980)

  29. The Michigan Supreme Court quoting Wood v. Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon, 222 N.Y. 88, 118 N.E. 214 (1917)

  30. 164 Mich.App. 543, 417 N.W.2d 496 (1987)

  31. 102 Mich.App. 606, 302 N.W.2d 307 (1981)

  32. 432 Mich. 438, 443 N.W.2d 112 (1989)

  33. 432 Mich. 472, 444 N.W.2d 114 (1989)

  34. 106 Mich.App. 471, 308 N.W.2d 459 (1981)

  35. See, for example, Reid v. Sears. Roebuck & Co., 790 F.2d 453 (6th. Cir. 1986); Pratt v. Brown Machine Co., 855 F.2d 1225 (6th Cir. 1988); Dell v. Montgomery Ward & Co., 811 F.2d 970 (6th Cir. 1987); Novosel v. Sears, Roebuck & Co., 495 F.Supp. 344 (E.D.Mich. 1980)

  36. 427 Mich. 415, 398 N.W.2d 327 (1986)

  37. 131 Mich.App. 185. 347 N.W.2d 184 (1983)

  38. Blades, Employment at Will vs. Individual Freedom: On Limiting the Abusive Exercise of Employer Power, 67 Columbia L. R. 1404 (1967)

  39. Summers, Individual Protection Against Unjust Dismissal: Time for a Statute, 62 Virginia L. R. 481 (1976)

  40. Montana Code Ann. Sections 39-2-901 et seq. (1987)

  41. Meech v. Hillhaven West, Inc., 776 P.2d 488 (1989); Johnson v. Montana, 776 P.2d 1221 (1989)

  42. Stieber, The Case for Protection of Unorganized Employees Against Unjust Discharge, proceedings of the 32nd Annual Meeting of the Industrial Research Association (1980)

  43. Lipson and Korney, A Case Against Statutory Review of Private Sector Discharge Cases, 1983 Michigan Bar Journal 764

  44. Newsweek, "The Revenge of the Fired", Feb. 16, 1987

  45. Jung and Harkness, The Facts of Wrongful Discharge, 4 The Labor Lawyer 257 (1988) 46.

  46. Dertouzos, Holland and Ebener, The Legal and Economic Consequences of Wrongful Termination, Rand, The Institute for Civil Justice (1988)

  47. Peterson, Civil Juries in the 1980s: Trends in Jury Trials and Verdicts in California and Cook Country, Illinois, Rand, The Institute for Civil Justice (1987)

  48. Jung and Harkness, supra, footnote 45

  49. Lopatka and Martin, Developments in the Law of Wrongful Discharge, ABA National Institute on Litigating Wrongful Discharge and Invasion of Privacy Claims (1986)

  50. Draft Report of the Drafting Committee on Uniform Employment Termination Act, National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws (1990)

  51. Dertouzos, Holland and Eberner, supra, footnote 46

  52. Issue Alert, "Small Business and the Liability Insurance Crisis", United States Small Business Administration, March, 1986

  53. Shapiro, Legal Aspects of Doing Business with Japan, Practicing Law Institute (1985)

  54. Power, A Defense of the Employment At Will Rule, 27 St. Louis University L. J. 881 (1983)

  55. Estreicher, Unjust Dismissal Laws: Some Cautionary Notes, 33 Am. J. Comp. L. 310 (1985)

  56. Hill, supra, footnote 3

  57. Wall Street Journal, April 20, 1983

  58. For a complete discussion of employment law in Ontario, see A Guide to Employment Law by John Sproat (published by Carswell, 1990)

  59. Harrison, The "New" Terminable-at-Will Employment Contract: An Interest and Cost Incidence Analysis, 69 Iowa L. R. 327 (1984)

  60. Id.

  61. Epstein, In Defense of the Contract at Will, 51 University of Chicago L. R. 327 (1984) 62.

  62. Brake, Limiting the Right to Terminate at Will — Have the Courts Forgotten the Employer?, 35 Vanderbilt L. R. 201 (1982)

  63. Blades, supra, footnote 38

  64. News, "Most Occupational Changes are Voluntary", United States Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics (1987); Markey and Parks 11, Occupational Change: Pursuing a Different Kind of Work, Monthly Labor Review, Vol. 112, No. 9 (1989)

  65. Power, supra, footnote 54

  66. Larson, Why We Should Not Abandon the Presumption that Employment is Terminable At-Will, 23 Idaho L. R. 219 (1986-87)