1. Act No. 527, Public Acts of 2002, p. 1.

  2. Consumer and Industry Services, “Mission Statement,” accessible at http://www.michigan.gov/cis/0,1607,7-154-10573-42377--,00.html.

  3. Act No. 527, p. 2.

  4. Ibid.

  5. Ibid.

  6. Ibid.

  7. DTE Energy web site, accessible on the Internet at http://www.dteenergy.com/community/environmental/innovations.html.

  8. Urban Options web site, “Urban Options Programs and Services,” accessible on the Internet at http://www.urbanoptions.org/programs.php.

  9. Community Foundation of Greater Flint web site, “Energy Initiative Program,” accessible on the Internet at http://www.cfgf.org/energyrfp.pdf.

  10. Act No. 527, p. 2.

  11. Act No. 527, p. 3.

  12. Bob Schnieder and Barb Endres, “Line Item and Boilerplate Summary, Consumer and Industry Services, Fiscal Year 2001-2002,” p. 5.

  13. Act No. 527, p. 3.

  14. Ibid.

  15. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services web site, “Overview of Low-Income Restructuring Legislation and Implementation,” accessible on the Internet at http://www.ncat.org/liheap/dereg/states/michigan.htm.

  16. Act No. 527, p. 5.

  17. Schneider and Endres, p. 21.

  18. Act No. 527, p. 5.

  19. Interview with Assistant Chief of the Boiler Division William Vallance, Consumer and Industry Services, by Mackinac Center for Public Policy Research Associate James Hohman Feb. 25, 2003.

  20. Ibid.

  21. Ibid.

  22. Ibid.

  23. Schneider and Endres, p. 22.