1. Act No. 519, Public Acts of 2002, p. 1.

  2. The MDCH web site, “The Michigan Department of Community Health mission,” accessible on the Internet at http://www.michigan.gov/mdch/0,1607,7-132--14173--,00.html.

  3. Ibid.

  4. Margaret Alston, Bill Fairgrieve, Susan Frey, Tumai Burris, “Line Item and Boilerplate Summary: Community Health Fiscal Year 2002-2003,” p. 3.

  5. Ibid.

  6. For more information about the CON program, see the MDCH web site, “Certificate of Need,” accessible on the Internet at http://www.michigan.gov/mdch/0,1607,7-132-2945_5106---,00.html.

  7. Wolfgang Grassl, “Government Regulation of Hospital Purchasing — Michigan Patients Pay a Heavy Price,” Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 2002, accessible on the Internet at http://www.mackinac.org/4572; and Terree Wasley, “Certificates of Need: Poor Public Policy,” Mackinac Center for Public Policy, 1993, accessible on the Internet at http://www.mackinac.org/152.

  8. John C. Goodman and Gerald L. Musgrave, “Case Study: Elderly Mortality and State Government Regulation,” excerpted from “Patient Power,” Washington, D.C.: Cato Institute, 1992, accessible on the Internet at http://www.ncpa.org/w/w64.html.

  9. Alston, Fairgrieve, Frey, Burris, p. 4.

  10. Michigan Center for Rural Health web site, “Our Mission,” accessible on the Internet at http://www.com.msu.edu/micrh/index.htm.

  11. Alston, Fairgrieve, Frey, Burris, p. 4. The original appropriation was $954,100 but was increased as a result of the July 2002 increase in the cigarette tax.

  12. Michigan Department of Community Health web site, “Healthy Michigan Fund Report 2000-2002,” p. 23, accessible on the Internet at http://www.michigan.gov/documents/sec213nov_23228_7.pdf.

  13. For more information on this phenomenon, see William E. Pike, “Recruiting Rural Physicians: Small-Town Socialism,” Ideas on Liberty, January 1999, p. 11-13, accessible on the Internet at http://www.fee.org/vnews.php?nid=4210 (free registration required).

  14. Alston, Fairgrieve, Frey, Burris, p. 6.

  15. Ibid.

  16. Ibid, p. 7.

  17. Correspondence with the House Fiscal Agency, Oct. 9, 2002.

  18. Act No. 519, p. 2.

  19. See, for example, John Adams, “Cars, Cholera, and Cows: The Management of Risk and Uncertainty,” Cato Institute Policy Analysis 335, March 4, 1999, http://www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa335.pdf. There is an inherently subjective dimension of risk, which is why some people fear flying, even though travel by commercial airplane is statistically safer than private automobile travel.

  20. Michigan State Police, “2000 Michigan Crash Facts, Michigan State Police,” p. 27-33, accessible on the Internet at http://www.umtri.umich.edu/tdc/mtcf/doc/2000/2000MTCF_vol1.pdf.

  21. Act No. 519, p. 2.

  22. Act No. 519, p. 14.

  23. “Draft of Revised Chapter III for Prepaid Health Plans, Mental Health and Substance Abuse.” The pages for this document are not numbered. This document describes services that are provided under the Medicaid program and which are mimicked by the Community Mental health non-Medicaid services program according to Irene Kazieczko, director, bureau of mental health substance abuse and long-term care for the Michigan’s Department of Community Health.

  24. Alston, Fairgrieve, Frey, Burris, p. 8. This program’s funding has been decreased from $5,663,800 due to a partial veto.

  25. Ibid., p. 9.

  26. All numbers come from Mark, Tami L; Coffey, Rosanna M King, Edward Harwood, Henrick et al, “Spending on mental health and substance abuse treatment,” Health Affairs Vol. 19, No. 4, July/August 2000, p. 108-120.

  27. Act No. 519, p. 2.

  28. Alston, Fairgrieve, Frey, Burris, p. 9. This program’s funding has been decreased from $6,600,000 due to a partial veto.

  29. Ibid, p. 10. This program’s funding has been decreased from $79,740,400 due to a partial veto.

  30. Ibid., p. 15. The original appropriation was $650,000 but was increased as a result of the July 2002 increase in the cigarette tax.

  31. Alston, Fairgrieve, Frey, Burris, p. 15.

  32. Act No. 519, p. 4.

  33. Ibid.

  34. Margaret Alston, Bill Fairgrieve, Susan Frey, and Tomai Burris, “Line Item and Boilerplate Summary: Community Health Fiscal Year 2001-02,” p. 23.

  35. Alston, Fairgrieve, Frey, Burris, p. 24. The original appropriation was $5,000 but was increased as a result the July 2002 increase in the cigarette tax.

  36. Healthy Michigan Fund Report, p. 5.

  37. Ibid.

  38. Alston, Fairgrieve, Frey, Burris, p. 24. The original appropriation was $12,081,400 but was increased as a result the July 2002 increase in the cigarette tax.

  39. Ibid, p. 25. The original appropriation was $1,522,400 but was increased as a result of the July 2002 increase in the cigarette tax.

  40. Ibid. The original appropriation was $1,388,500 but was increased as a result of the July 2002 increase in the cigarette tax.

  41. Ibid.

  42. Ibid. The original appropriation was $430,000 but was increased as a result of the July 2002 increase in the cigarette tax.

  43. Ibid.

  44. Ibid. The original appropriation was $255,000 but was increased as a result of the July 2002 increase in the cigarette tax.

  45. Centers for Disease Control web site, “Overweight and Obesity State Programs: Michigan,” accessible on the Internet at http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/obesity/state_programs/mi.htm.

  46. Alston, Fairgrieve, Frey, Burris, p. 26. The original appropriation was $755,000 but was increased as a result the July 2002 increase in the cigarette tax.

  47. Ibid.

  48. Ibid. The original appropriation was $3,644,700 but was increased as a result of the July 2002 increase in the cigarette tax.

  49. Act No. 519, p. 5.

  50. Ibid.

  51. Alston, Fairgrieve, Frey, Burris, p. 28.

  52. The American Dental Association, “1997 Survey of Current Issues in Dentistry: Charitable Dental Care,” December 1998, p. 3, 7, 8.

  53. Act No. 519, p. 5.

  54. Ibid.

  55. Ibid.

  56. Alston, Fairgrieve, Frey, Burris, p. 30. The original appropriation was $2,851,100 but was increased as a result the July 2002 increase in the cigarette tax.

  57. Act No. 519, p. 5.

  58. Ibid, p. 6.

  59. Federal poverty levels are calculated by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and updated annually. The 2002 guidelines, published in the federal register, may be found at http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/02fedreg.htm.

  60. Act No. 519, p. 6.

  61. Ibid.

  62. “Governor’s Discretionary Funds,” “Fiscal Year 2002-03 Grant Award Summary,” Michigan Department of Community Health, available online at http://www.michigan.gov/documents/ 2002-03_Governor's_Discretionary_Full_Year_Grants_43709_7.PDF.

  63. Michigan Department of Community Health, “Campus Mentoring Program and Michigan Universities,” accessible on the Internet at http://www.michigan.gov/ mdch/0,1607,7-132-2941_4871_4878-39027--,00.html.

  64. Dr. Gary L. Wolfram, “Dare to Privatize DARE,” Michigan Privatization Report, Fall 1998, accessible on the Internet at http://www.mackinac.org/671.

  65. For more on the DARE program, see “Dare to Privatize DARE,” Michigan Privatization Report, Fall 1998.

  66. Ibid.

  67. George C. Leef, “Lawyer Fees Too High? The Case for Repealing Unauthorized Practice of Law Statutes,” Regulation magazine, accessible on the Internet at http://www.cato.org/pubs/regulation/reg20n1c.html.

  68. Act No. 519, p. 6.

  69. Act No. 519, p. 7.

  70. Ibid.

  71. Senior Services, Inc., of Kalamazoo requests volunteer labor and donations on their web site, accessible on the Internet at http://www.seniorservices1.org/Page0013.Htm. Voluntary contributions to this and similar organizations may increase if lower taxes result in more disposable income.

  72. Act No. 519, p. 7.

  73. Ibid.