1 O. William Rye and Co., Employee Compensation Survey, September 1995
   FPE/AFT Compensation Survey 2000, October 2000, available at http://www.aft.org/research/salary/fpe/

2 Good News in City Budget, but Why Cut the Police Force?, Detroit News, April 17, 1978

3 Police Brass Win Massive Wage Award, Detroit News, October 20, 1978

4 M.C.L. sections 423.231 - 423.247

5 21 Agencies Face City's Budget Ax, Detroit News, March 5, 1978

6 Layoff Notices Await 690 Officers, Detroit News, August 21, 1980; Detroit Reports Big Increase in Serious Crime, Detroit News, February 22, 1981; Shrinking Force Strives to Cope, Detroit News, April 1, 1980; Police Union Agrees to 3-year Pay Freeze, Detroit News June 23, 1981

7 Johnson, Brian R., Act 312 Arbitration: An Exploratory Paper, (Doctoral Thesis available at Michigan State University, call no. 132-821-THS)

8 Arbitrators rulings may be reviewed online through the Michigan State University Library at http://turf.lib.msu.edu/awards

9 P.A. 1947, no. 336, M.C.L. 423.201 - 423.217

10 Michigan Civil Service Commission Rule 7-3, available at http://www.michigan.gov/mdcs/0,1607,7-147-6877_8155---,00.html

11 Michigan Civil Service Commission Rule 6-10.3

12 Michigan Civil Service Commission Rule 6-9.4

13 O. William Rye and Co., Employee Compensation Survey, September 1995

14 FPE/AFT Compensation Survey 2000, October 2000, available at http://www.aft.org/research/salary/fpe/

15 Michigan Civil Service Commission Rule 6-9.2; Collective bargaining agreements taking effect in 2002 for all bargaining units were approved by the Commission at the close of their December 18, 2001 meeting, see Civil Service Commission Meeting Minutes available at http://www.michigan.gov/mdcs/0,1607,7-147-6881_9672-29279--,00.html

16 Senate Fiscal Agency Memorandum, September 4, 2002. The SFA assumes that the compensation of all state employees, not just currently unionized employees, would ultimately be affected a precedent set in arbitration. There are approximately 61,000 state employees. This is a reasonable assumption; as non-unionized employees will be more likely to organize if they observe a discrepancy between their compensation and those of other state workers.