Instructional staff support services include staff training, library staff, curriculum supervision and coordination, and audiovisual and computer-assisted instruction staff. Recorded here are expenditures for labor, purchased services and equipment, operating and supplying libraries, and tuition payments and other professional development for instructional staff.[24]

Like student support services, instructional staff support services spending differs significantly by locale group. From 2004 to 2010, the city locale group spent the most per pupil each year ($769 in 2010), and it also increased spending more quickly (51 percent) than any of the other locale groups (see Graphic 13). The city locale group’s increase was led by DPS, which in 2010 spent about three times per pupil what it did in 2004 in this category. After DPS, the midsize city and small suburban subgroups generated the largest increases — 27 percent  and 33 percent, respectively. Six of the 12 subgroups cut their per-pupil spending on instructional staff support from 2004 to 2010, with the largest decrease (10 percent) occurring in the fringe town subgroup.[*]

Graphic 13: School District Instructional Staff Support Expenditures per Pupil by Locale Group, Michigan, Fiscal Years 2004-2010

Graphic 13: School District Instructional Staff Support
Expenditures per Pupil by Locale Group, Michigan, Fiscal Years 2004-2010 - click to enlarge

Source: Local Education Agency Universe Survey; Michigan Department of Education, Data for National Public Education Financial Survey

Of the four locale groups, the city group also spent the largest share of per-pupil operating expenditures on instructional staff support services (nearly 6 percent in 2010), and this amount grew by about 29 percent from 2004 to 2010 (see Graphic 14). In contrast, noncity locale groups reduced this proportion — in some cases significantly. The town and rural groups produced reductions of 15 percent and 16 percent, respectively.

Districts in the remote rural subgroup spent the smallest portion of per-pupil operating expenditures (1.9 percent) on instructional staff support in 2010, and this subgroup decreased this portion by the largest amount (24 percent) between 2004 and 2010. DPS, which led all subgroups in instructional staff support expenditures per pupil in 2010, also spent a larger portion of its per-pupil operating expenditures (6.3 percent) on this category than any of the other subgroups did. Among the 12 subgroups, DPS increased its portion the most: 132 percent.[†]

Graphic 14: School District Instructional Staff Support Expenditures as a Percent of Operating Expenditures by Locale Group, Michigan, Fiscal Years 2004-2010

Graphic 14: School District Instructional Staff Support Expenditures as a Percent of Operating Expenditures by Locale Group,
Michigan, Fiscal Years 2004-2010 - click to enlarge

Source: Local Education Agency Universe Survey; Michigan Department of Education, Data for National Public Education Financial Survey


[*] See Appendix B, Graphic 39.

[†] See Appendix B, Graphic 40.


[24] “Ed Form 2447,” (National Center for Education Statistics, 2006), I-9, http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/pdf/stfis061aform.pdf (accessed March 2, 2011); “The National Public Education Financial Survey Instruction Booklet,” (National Center for Education Statistics, 2007), 52-53, http://www.ped.state.nm.us/div/ fin/school.budget/dl08/recFinalReports0607/NPEFSManual.pdf (accessed March 22, 2011).