Cooperative arrangements among public and private agencies also exist to serve difficult-to-educate students. The Multi-Agency Program (MAP) for at-risk students in Spokane, Washington, receives direct classroom services from three agencies, including the Spokane Public Schools, the department of probations, and the private Spokane Mental Health Center. In New York, Hillside Children’s Center, a private residential facility specializing in educating and caring for emotionally disturbed children, operates a program in which it provides clinical services to a nearby public special-education school. Often, children receiving residential care in privately operated facilities, such as emergency shelters, group homes, or treatment facilities, will attend public school during the day.

"We can save 20 percent of the cost per pupil as well as provide a higher quality of education."

See Case Study 7, Case Study 8, Case Study 9.