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A Profile of Public School Locales Nationwide

… aggregated data on public school attendance and expenditures … the 2008-2009 and 2007-2008 school years, respectively.[*] Nationally, … students in the 2008-2009 school year attended a public school located in a city or suburb. … the city school districts spending 12 percent more on average …

Definitions and Notes on the Data

… raw NPEFS data on Michigan school districts from the Michigan … allocate federal funds to local school districts for a number of … States.”[5] To categorize school districts by location, the … adapted this approach for schools and school districts and applied … services. The ISDs’ revenues, spending and activities are therefore …

Introduction

… common complaint about public school funding is that large financial gaps exist between school districts. These charges are … the majority of America’s school revenues came from local property … urban, rural and suburban school districts was most notably … compares the revenue streams and spending patterns of urban, suburban, …

Executive Summary

… challenges for many public schools, particularly those in lower-income … urban, suburban, town and rural school districts. The study groups Michigan school districts using locale codes applied to public schools by the National Center for … percent of their operational spending to instruction, respectively. …

Revenues and Spending of Michigan's Urban, Suburban, Town and Rural School Districts

… inequities create challenges for many public schools, particularly those in lower-income urban areas. … of Michigan’s urban, suburban, town and rural school districts. The study’s findings provide a new and unique perspective on Michigan’s school districts.

Coping With PERA: The Oakland County Model

… has a minimal effect on taxing, spending and basic government operations. … collective bargaining — tax rates and spending needs are determined outside of collective … For instance, few communities or school districts have managed to avoid awarding … bargaining and contracts dictating spending, it would appear that few local governments …

Endnotes

… Van Beek, “Michigan Public School Health Insurance Costs Soar … 2010). See also Frank Webster, “School Boards Empowered to Save Insurance … Quality Primer for Michigan School Officials, State Policymakers, … 2011). 9  Paul Kersey, “Union Spending in Michigan: A Review of … Dustin Anderson, “Michigan Schools Contract Out More Than Ever” …

Top 10 Budget Recommendations

… government, $2.45 billion in public schools, $844 million in colleges … www.mackinac.org/10839 Charter schools spend $2,200 less per student per year than conventional schools. If all Michigan public schools operated at this lower per-pupil … reform ideas: 1 Place new school employees into a defined-contribution, …

Lift Caps on Virtual Charter Schools

… enroll in virtual charter schools. The current law that limits … number of virtual charters schools to two and enrollment to 2,000 … Lawmakers should eliminate the two-school, 2,000-student caps on the … enrollment in, virtual charter schools. Michigan would not be alone … Michigan’s charter schools already spend about 25 percent less than …

Recent Cost Estimates

… research suggests that virtual schools can be more cost-effective … costs for state-run virtual schools and conventional brick-and-mortal schools, predicted, “Economies of … in funding state virtual schools over time.”[18] Bill Tucker … brick-and-mortar schools. Instead of spending resources on buildings, physical …