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Appendix: The Regression Model and Detailed Results

… regression equation using school-level panel data that varies by school and time: (Education Outcomes)sy= β0+β1 ln?(spending per pupil)sy +β2 (% free … average scale scores. If school spending were positively correlated … the amount of money that schools spend have little correlation …

Discussion

… how much individual public schools in Michigan spend and how well their students … the impact of additional spending was very small. This implies that simply spending more on public schools is … considering that when schools spend more, they can hire more …

The State of Student Achievement and School Funding in Michigan

… performance and education spending in Michigan over the last … explained by poverty or a few bad school systems: Michigan’s middle- … show Michigan’s per-pupil spending grew by 11 percent in real … taxpayers dedicate to public schools on a per-pupil basis and how … for this study analyzes the spending and achievement of individual …

Michigan’s Forthcoming School Funding Adequacy Study

… pioneered the “successful school district” approach, one of … estimates by asking panels of school district officials what resources … systemwide performance goals.[14] School funding adequacy studies are … method to assess Connecticut’s school finance system, which at the … demonstrated a wide variation in the spending levels of “successful school …

Data and Methods

… significant relationships between spending inputs and academic outputs … than 4,000 Michigan public schools. Spending Inputs Detailed information … Education. For each assigned school building code, yearly expenditures … aggregated building-level spending amount for each building …

Literature Review

… meaningful correlation between school spending and student outcomes. … that even large increases in spending are likely to translate into … on the relationship between school resources and student outcomes, … only for previously low-spending school districts and only for … gains for relatively low-spending schools and little or no gains …

Introduction

… and secondary education? Do school districts receive enough revenue … the common assumption that spending more on K-12 schools will … relationship between school spending and student achievement … relationship between school spending and student achievement. … relationship between school spending and student achievement. …

School Spending and Student Achievement in Michigan: What's the Relationship?

… and secondary education? Do school districts receive enough revenue … tax dollars to allocate to schools. But these concerns about the adequate level of school funding are based in part … the common assumption that spending more on K-12 schools will … relationship between school spending and student achievement …

Net Impact of Proposal 1

… Transportation Fund[*] $414,800,000 School Aid Fund $292,600,000 Earned Income … larger tax liability depends on their spending and income levels. According to the BLS, consumers in the lowest quintile spend 47 percent less annually than those … credits or above-average taxable spending, some EITC recipients may pay higher …

Allowable Uses of the School Aid Fund

… the allowable uses of the School Aid Fund. Currently, the constitution allows the SAF to support “school districts, higher education and school employees’ retirement systems[.]”[21] … constitutional prohibition against spending SAF revenue on public universities, … longer have the option of spending school aid revenue on public …