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Conclusion

After Adding It All Up, Does Money Actually Matter?

… e complexity of Michigan’s school funding system, relying on … system that funds public schools in Michigan, but rather a … layered on top of each other. School funding in Michigan is a result … unifying strategy used to fund schools, although certain types of … how much their district was spending. The average Michigander …

Funding for Special Education

… Like many other elements of school finance, special education … programs. Altogether though, spending on these services comprise … of what Michigan taxpayers spend on public education. The state’s … account for special education spending among districts, and recommended … 13 percent of total public school enrollment — were classified …

Funding for Intermediate School Districts

… Michigan’s 56 intermediate school districts are an entrenched … back-office support for local school districts, deliver or finance … funded differently than local school districts and public charter schools. The primary difference is … Meanwhile, total ISD operational spending has increased over the same …

Categorical Grants

… how much funding Michigan schools receive on average, a reasonably … falls in that range. But schools receive a lot more money than … to local and intermediate school districts based on certain … state’s massively underfunded school employee pension system. Just … purpose. Since most of this spending is dedicated to “catching …

Recommendations for Reform

… significant doubts on whether spending on Pure Michigan is economically … purchases to justify this spending.[*] In other words, taxpayers shouldn’t have to spend another dime promoting the … return on investment study of spending on tourism promotion contain … in a local college, public schools, transportation infrastructure, …

The Academic Research on State-Funded Tourism Promotion

… correlation between larger state spending on tourism and the share … increases in state tourism spending “depends on the existing … suggesting that an increase in spending may have a net positive impact … significant relationship between spending on tourism promotion and … post-doctoral fellow in the School of Hospitality and Tourism …

Results

… provisions. The goal of corrections spending, for instance, is to administer justice. That spending has economic impacts nevertheless. Spending on economic development should … Century Jobs Fund, the goal of spending these hundreds of millions … unfunded liabilities in the school retirement system. The state …

Conclusion

… data set of building-level spending, achievement and student … correlation between how much schools in Michigan spend and how well their students … are to graduate from high school. The results suggest that … are distributed and the way spending is prescribed by overlapping …

Results

… correlation between a school’s spending levels and its students’ … seventh-grade math — the impact of spending more was very small. The model shows that a school would need to spend 10 percent more to improve … percent increase in per-pupil spending. As is customary when reporting …

Endnotes

… “Assessing the Effects of School Resources on Student Performance: … Persico, “The Effects of School Spending on Educational and Economic Outcomes: Evidence from School Finance Reforms,” The Quarterly … 4 Joydeep Roy, “Impact of School Finance Reform on Resource … https://perma.cc/V6R2-L4LM. 6 Eric A Hanushek, “Spending on Schools,” in A Primer …