[Photo of Todd Nesbit, Ph.D.]

Todd Nesbit, Ph.D.

Ball State University

Todd Nesbit, Ph.D., is assistant professor of free enterprise and entrepreneurial economics at Ball State University. He previously served as a senior lecturer in economics at Ohio State University. Professor Nesbit was a double major in economics and mathematics at Capitol University and received his doctorate at West Virginia University. His dissertation, "Essays on the Secondary Impacts of Excise Taxation: Quality Substitution, Tax Earmarking, and Cross-border Effects," established him as a national expert in cross-border consumption. Since 2005, he has authored or co-authored a number of cross-border and excise-related working papers, including "The Effects of Excise Taxes on Product Quality, Evidence from the Gasoline Market" and "Effects of Wine and Spirits Taxes in the Presence of Spatial Autocorrelation."

Cigarette Taxes and Smuggling: A 2016 Update

Click here to view the PDF of the full study.
Introduction
Since 2008 the Mackinac Center for Public Policy — and more recently in conjunction with the Washington, D.C.-based Tax Foundation — has worked to estimate the degree to which cigarettes are smuggled into and out of American states. Our research, and that of other scholars too, suggests that smuggling is a rampant problem, particularly in states with high cigarette excise taxes.
Unintended and unforeseen consequences are a frequent problem in public policy. Few politicians realize when they vote for higher excise taxes that doing so may dramatically increase cigarette-related crime, such as smuggling. These crimes not only deprive local and state governments of tax revenues, they also tend to descend into violence, which produces all sorts of unnecessary damage. Policymakers should take these realities into consideration when contemplating how much to tax cigarettes.
This report analyzes the relationship between cigarette tax rates and cigarette smuggling rates. It relies on the same statistical model used in our previous studies, but uses the latest available data from 2014. New York State once again claims the highest smuggling rate in the nation. In fact, according to our analysis, New Yorkers consume more smuggled cigarettes than they do legally taxed ones. New York state has the highest excise tax rate on cigarettes in the country at $4.35 per pack and New York City adds another $1.50 tax. Arizona, Washington state, New Mexico and Minnesota round out the top five states for percentage of in-bound smuggling. Michigan ranks 12th, down two positions. … more

Cigarette Taxes and Smuggling 2010

Authors Michael LaFaive and Todd Nesbit update their 2008 cigarette taxes and smuggling study titled “Cigarette Taxes and Smuggling: A Statistical and Historical Review.” The update includes new statistical data to reflect the 27 state-level tax increases that occurred between January 2007 and the end of 2009 in Michigan’s 48 contiguous states. … more

Cigarette Taxes and Smuggling

In this study, the authors consider cigarette smuggling from two angles. First, they employ a statistical model to estimate the degree to which cigarette smuggling occurs in 47 of the 48 contiguous U.S. states. Second, they review the historical experiences of three states — Michigan, New Jersey and California — known to have problems with cigarette smuggling. The author's findings suggest that state policymakers should reassess the value of cigarette taxes as a revenue and public health tool. … more