1. As of June 1995, charter-school legislation has been passed in the states of Minnesota, California, Georgia, New Mexico, Colorado, Massachusetts, Wisconsin, Michigan, Hawaii, Kansas, Arizona, Wyoming, and Alaska.

2. Projection of Education Statistics to 2004, National Center for Education Statistics, 93-256, U.S. Department of Education, 1993, p. 8.

3. "Municipal Bond Elections: 1946-92," Government Finance Officers Association, Chicago, Ill.

4. In 1993, there were roughly 2.5 million teachers (or 86 percent) in the K- 1 2 public schools and about 0.4 million teachers (or 14 percent) in private schools, reports U.S. Department of Education in its Digest of Education Statistics 1993, p. 6.

5. Chris Yelich, president, AAEPP, from remarks before the University Council for Educational Administration, October 30, 1993, Houston, Tex.

6. Interview with Susan Fino, Learning Styles, Springfield, Mass, July 13, 1994.

7. Mike Bowler, "Sylvan Experiment Reaps Results in Student Scores," The Sun, July 28, 1994, Baltimore, Md.

8. Interview with Donna Franks, Office of Public Relations, Baltimore Public School District, August 25, 1994.

9. Interview with Bob Hazen, Math Enrichment Resource Center, St. Paul, Minn., July 25, 1994.

10. Savings ASAP, Reason Foundation, November 1988, p. 143.

11. Digest of Education Statistics 1993, U.S. Department of Education, p. 45.

12. Herbert Walberg, Michael Bakalis, Joseph Bast, Steven Baer, We Can Rescue Our Children: The Cure for Chicago's Public School Crisis, URF Education Foundation, 1988, p. 12.

13. Interview with Greg Genal, president, Ready Go, Inc., New Berlin, Wis., July 20, 1994.

14. Janet R. Beales and John O'Leary, Making Schools Work: Contracting Options for Better Management, Policy Study No. 169, Reason Foundation, Los Angeles, Calif., November 1993, p. 25.

15. Correspondence with Margaret Sapir, national director, Berlitz Jr., August 4, 1994.

16. Interview with Beatrice Mora-Diaz, Berlitz Jr., Oakbrook, Ill., July 12, 1994.

17. Carey Stacy and Chris Yelich, "Do Teachers Want a Professional Practice Option?" American Association of Educators in Private Practice, Spring 1994.

18. Interview with Margaret Sapir, national director, Berlitz Jr., Westport, Conn., August 9, 1994.

19. As quoted by Nancy Lavelle, president, Institute for the Redesign of Learning, in correspondence, August 16, 1994.

20. Interview with Nancy Lavelle, president, Institute for the Redesign of Learning, Pasadena, Calif., August 4, 1994.

21. C. Emily Feistritzer and David T. Chester, Alternative Teacher Certification: A State-by-State Analysis 1993-94, National Center for Education Information, Washington, D.C., 1993, p. 2.

22. Charlene Haar, Myron Lieberman, and Leo Troy, The NEA and AFT: Teacher Unions in Power and Politics, Pro-Active Publications, Rockport, Mass., 1994, p. 11, 24.