1. Andrew J. Cowin, "How Washington Boosts State and Local Budget Deficits," The Heritage Foundation Backgrounder, July 31, 1992, p. 12.

  2. U. S. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, Federal Statutory Preemption of State and Local Authority: History, Inventory, and Issues September, 1992, pp. 1-4.

  3. Stephen Moore, "How Governors Think Congress Should Reform the Budget: Results of a Survey of U.S. Governors and Former Governors," Cato Institute Policy Analysis,December 9, 1992, pp. 1-2.

  4. Martha Fabricus, "The 102nd's Multiplying Mandates," State Legislatures, January 1992, p. 17.

  5. National Conference of State Legislatures, Mandates of the 102nd Congress, November 1992, pp. 1-33.

  6. Julie Rovner, "Governors Ask Congress For Relief From Burdensome Medicaid Mandates," Congressional Quarterly, February 16, 1991, pp. 416-417,

  7. U. S. Constitution, Tenth Amendment.

  8. Michael Fix and Daphne A. Kenyon, Editors, Coping with Mandates, What Are the Alternatives.? Urban Institute Press, Washington, D.C., 1989, pp. 8-9.

  9. Christine Wnuk, "State Federal Issue Brief," National Conference of State Legislatures, Vol. 5, No. 4, November 1992, pp. 2-3.

  10. United States General Accounting Office, "Legislative Mandates: States Experiences Offer Insights for Federal Action," September 1988, p. 2.

  11. Alice Rivlin, Reviving the American Dream: The Economy, The States & The Federal Government, Brookings Institution, 1992, p. 177.

  12. Milton & Rose Friedman, Free to Choose: A Personal Statement, Harcourt, Brace Jovanovich, 1990, p. 92.

  13. "Changing Public Attitudes On Governments and Taxes," Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, 1992, pp. 15-17.

  14. Michigan Constitution, Article IX, Section 29.