The author would like to acknowledge the following people for their assistance:

  • Gary D. Patterson, attorney, Masud Labor Law Group

  • Jarrett Skorup, digital engagement manager, Mackinac Center

  • Patrick Wright, vice president for legal affairs, Mackinac Center

  • Michael Van Beek, director of research, Mackinac Center

Although these individuals helped significantly with this study, any errors in the report are the responsibility of the author alone.